Augustan Age

Augustan Age
the period of English literature in the early 18th century, when writers such as Swift and Pope were active. The name comes from that of the Roman emperor Augustus, who ruled when Virgil, Horace and Ovid were writing, and suggests a classical period of elegant literature.

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( с 43 BC–AD 18) Illustrious period in Latin literary history.

Along with the preceding period, which was dominated by Cicero, it forms the Golden Age of Latin literature. Marked by civil peace and prosperity, the age reached its highest expression in poetry, with polished, sophisticated verse on themes of patriotism, love, and nature, generally addressed to a patron or to the emperor Augustus. Writers active in the period include Virgil, Horace, Livy, and Ovid. The term is also applied to "classical" periods in the literature of other nations, especially to late 17th-and 18th-century England.

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      one of the most illustrious periods in Latin (Latin literature) literary history, from approximately 43 BC to AD 18; together with the preceding Ciceronian period (q.v.), it forms the Golden Age (q.v.) of Latin literature. Marked by civil peace and prosperity, the age reached its highest literary expression in poetry, a polished and sophisticated verse generally addressed to a patron or to the emperor Augustus and dealing with themes of patriotism, love, and nature. One decade alone, 29 to 19 BC, saw the publication of Virgil's Georgics and the completion of the Aeneid; the appearance of Horace's Odes, Books I–III, and Epistles, Book I; the elegies (Books I–III) of Sextus Propertius, a member of a group of promising young poets under the patronage of Gaius Maecenas; and Books I–II of the elegies of Tibullus, who was under the patronage of Messalla. During those 10 years also, Livy began his monumental history of Rome, and another historian, Pollio, was writing his important but lost history of recent events. Ovid, the author of Metamorphoses, a mythological history of the world from the creation to the Augustan Age, was the last great writer of the Golden Age; his death in exile in AD 17 marked the close of the period.

      By extension, the name Augustan Age also is applied to a “classical” period in the literature of any nation, especially to the 18th century in England and, less frequently, to the 17th century—the age of Corneille, Racine, and Molière—in France. Some critics prefer to limit the English Augustan Age to a period covered by the reign of Queen Anne (1702–14), when writers such as Alexander Pope, Joseph Addison, Sir Richard Steele, John Gay, and Matthew Prior flourished. Others, however, would extend it backward to include John Dryden and forward to take in Samuel Johnson.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Augustan age — Augustan Au*gus tan, a. [L. Augustanus, fr. Augustus. See {August}, n.] 1. Of or pertaining to Augustus C[ae]sar or to his times. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or pertaining to the town of Augsburg. [1913 Webster] {Augustan age} of any national literature …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Augustan Age — may refer to * The period in Roman history when Caesar Augustus became the first emperor. * Augustan literature and Augustan poetry, the early 18th century in British literature and poetry, where the authors highly admired and emulated the… …   Wikipedia

  • Augustan age — Augustan age, 1. the period when Latin literature is traditionally held to have reached its highest point, corresponding to the reign of Augustus, 27 B.C.–A.D. 14. 2. an age thought of as similar in any national literature (applied especially to… …   Useful english dictionary

  • AUGUSTAN AGE —    the time in the history of a nation when its literature is at its best …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Augustan Age — Latin literature’s golden era when Horace, Livy, Ovid, and Virgil flourished during the reign of the Emperor Augustus (27 B.C. to A.D. 14) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • (the) Augustan Age — the Augustan Age [the Augustan Age] the period of English literature in the early 18th century, when writers such as Swift and Pope were active. The name comes from that of the Roman ↑emperor Augustus, who ruled when Virgil, Horace and Ovid were… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Augustan literature — is a style of English literature produced during the reigns of Queen Anne, King George I, and George II in the first half of the 18th century, ending in the 1740s with the deaths of Pope and Swift (1744 and 1745, respectively). It is a literary… …   Wikipedia

  • Augustan prose — is somewhat ill defined, as the definition of Augustan relies primarily upon changes in taste in poetry. However, the general time represented by Augustan literature saw a rise in prose writing as high literature. The essay, satire, and dialogue… …   Wikipedia

  • Augustan poetry — is the poetry that flourished during the reign of Caesar Augustus as Emperor of Rome, most notably including the works of Virgil, Horace, and Ovid. This poetry was more explicitly political than the poetry that had preceded it, and it was… …   Wikipedia

  • Augustan — Au*gus tan, a. [L. Augustanus, fr. Augustus. See {August}, n.] 1. Of or pertaining to Augustus C[ae]sar or to his times. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or pertaining to the town of Augsburg. [1913 Webster] {Augustan age} of any national literature, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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