kʷel-

kʷel-
I. kʷel-1
Also kʷelə-. To revolve, move around, sojourn, dwell.
Derivatives include colony, cult, wheel, cyclone, pulley, and bucolic.
I. Basic form *kʷel-. colony, cult, cultivate, culture, Kultur; incult, inquiline, silvicolous, from Latin colere, to till, cultivate, inhabit (< *kʷel-o-).
II. Suffixed form *kʷel-es-. telic, telium, telo-, telos; entelechy, talisman, teleology, teleost, teleutospore, from Greek telos, “completion of a cycle,” consummation, perfection, end, result.
III. Suffixed reduplicated form *kʷ(e)-kʷl-o-, circle.
1. wheel, from Old English hwēol, hweogol, wheel, from Germanic *hwewlaz.
2. cycle, cyclo-, cycloid, cyclone, cyclosis; bicycle, encyclical, epicycle, from Greek kuklos, circle, wheel.
3. chakra, chukker, from Sanskrit cakram, circle, wheel.
4. Metathesized form *kʷe-lkʷ-o-. charkha, from Old Persian *carka-.
IV. O-grade form *kʷol-.
1. Suffixed form *kʷol-so-, “that on which the head turns,” neck.
a.
(i) hawse, from Old Norse hāls, neck, ship's bow;
(ii) ringhals, from Middle Dutch hals, neck;
(iii) habergeon, hauberk, from Old French hauberc, hauberk, from Germanic compound *h(w)als-berg-, “neck-protector,” gorget (*bergan, to protect; see bhergh-1). (i)-(iii) all from Germanic *h(w)alsaz;
b. col, collar, collet, cullet; accolade, decollate1, décolleté, machicolate, machicolation, torticollis, from Latin collum, neck.
2. Suffixed form *kʷol-ā-. -colous; pratincole, from Latin -cola and incola, inhabitant (in-, in; see en).
3. Suffixed form *kʷol-o-.
a. ancillary, from Latin anculus, “he who bustles about,” servant (an-, short for ambi-, around, about; see ambhi);
b. pole1, pulley, from Greek polos, axis of a sphere;
c. bucolic, from Greek boukolos, cowherd, from -kolos, herdsman.
4. Suffixed form *kʷol-es- (probably a blend of o-grade *kʷol-o- and expected e-grade *kʷel-es-). calash, kolacky, from Slavic kolo, koles-, wheel.
5. Suffixed o-grade form *kʷol-eno- in Old Iranian compound *vahā-carana- (see wes-3).
6. Suffixed zero-grade variant form *kʷl̥ə-i-. palimpsest, palindrome, palingenesis, palinode, from Greek palin, again (< “revolving”).
 
[Pokorny 1. kᵘ̯el- 639.]
  II. kʷel-2
Far (in space and time).
1. Lengthened-grade form *kʷēl-. tele-, from Greek tēle, far off.
2. Suffixed zero-grade form *kʷl̥-ai. paleo-, from Greek palai, long ago.
 
[Pokorny 2. kᵘ̯el- 640.]

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Universalium. 2010.

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