Also bheu-. To be, exist, grow.
Derivatives include be, husband, imp, physics, future, neighbor, and beam.
I. Extended forms *bhwiy(o)-, *bhwī-.
1. be; forebear, from Old English bēon, to be, from Germanic *biju, I am, will be.
2. fiat, from Latin fierī, to become.
3. Possibly suffixed form *bhwī-lyo-, seen by some as the source of Latin fīlius, son, but this is more likely from dhē(i)-.
II. Lengthened o-grade form *bhōw-.
a. bondage, bound4; bustle1, husband, from Old Norse būa, to live, prepare, and būask, to make oneself ready (-sk, reflexive suffix; see s(w)e-);
b. Bauhaus, from Old High German būan, to dwell;
c. booth, from Middle English bothe, market stall, from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Danish bōth, dwelling, stall. a-c from Germanic *bōwan.
III. Zero-grade form *bhu-.
a. build, from Old English byldan, to build, from bold, dwelling, house, from Germanic *buthla-;
b. boodle, from Middle Dutch bōdel, riches, property, from alternate Germanic form *bōthla.
2. physic, physics, physio-, physique, -phyte, phyto-, phyton; apophysis, diaphysis, diphyodont, epiphysis, euphuism, hypophysis, imp, Monophysite, neophyte, periphyton, symphysis, tracheophyte, from Greek phuein, to bring forth, make grow, phutos, phuton, a plant, and phusis, growth, nature.
3. Suffixed form *bhu-tā-.
a. eisteddfod, from Welsh bod, to be;
b. bothy, from Old Irish both, a hut.
4. Suffixed form *bhu-tu-. future, from Latin futūrus, “that is to be,” future.
IV. Zero-grade form *bhū- (< *bhuə-).
a. bower1, from Old English būr, “dwelling space,” bower, room;
b. neighbor, from Old English gebūr, dweller (ge-, collective prefix; see kom);
c. Boer, boor, from Middle Dutch gheboer, ghebuer, peasant. a-c all from Germanic *būram, dweller, especially farmer.
2. byre, from Old English bȳre, stall, hut, from Germanic *būrjam, dwelling.
3. bylaw, from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse bȳr, settlement, from Germanic *būwi-.
4. Suffixed form *bhū-lo-. phyle, phyletic, phylum; phylogeny, from Greek phūlon, tribe, class, race, and phūlē, tribe, clan.
V. Zero-grade reduced suffixal form *-bhw-, in Latin compounds.
1. Latin dubius, doubtful, and dubitāre, to doubt, from *du-bhw-io- (see dwo-).
2. Latin probus, upright, from *pro-bhw-o-, “growing well or straightforward” (see per1).
3. Latin superbus, superior, proud, from *super-bhw-o-, “being above” (see uper).
VI. Possibly Germanic *baumaz (and *bagmaz), tree (? < “growing thing”).
a. beam, from Old English bēam, tree, beam;
b. boom2, from Middle Dutch boom, tree;
c. bumpkin1, bumpkin2, from Flemish boom, tree.
[Pokorny bheu- 146.]

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bheu- — See bheuə . * * * …   Universalium

  • bheu-, bheu̯ǝ- (bhu̯ā-, bhu̯ē-) : bhō̆ u- : bhū- —     bheu , bheu̯ǝ (bhu̯ā , bhu̯ē ) : bhō̆ u : bhū     English meaning: to be; to grow     Deutsche Übersetzung: ursprũnglich “wachsen, gedeihen”     Note: (probably = “to swell”), compare O.Ind. prábhūta ḥ with O.Ind. bhūri ḥ etc under *b(e)u …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • быстрый — Старославянское – быстрый. Общеславянское bystrъjъ. Индоевропейское – bheu , bhu (раздувать(ся), пухнуть). Слово «быстрый» известно с древнерусской эпохи (XI в.). Заимствовано из старославянского, где «быстрый» восходит к общеславянскому bystrъ и …   Этимологический словарь русского языка Семенова

  • Cross-linguistic onomatopoeias — Sinhala is written in a non Latin script. Sinhala text used in this article is transliterated into the Latin script according to the ISO 15919 standard. Because of the nature of onomatopoeia, there are many cross linguistic cognates of… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste d'onomatopées dans différentes langues — Les onomatopées ont des formes différentes selon les langues. Cette liste d exemples en est un aperçu[1]. Sommaire 1 Éclatement d’un ballon 2 Oiseau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • φεύγω — ΝΜΑ, και φεόγω Α 1. τρέπομαι σε φυγή, απομακρύνομαι γρήγορα κυρίως από φόβο ή επειδή μέ καταδιώκουν (α. «μόλις τόν είδε με το πιστόλι έφυγε» β. «βῆ φεύγων ἐπὶ πόντου», Ομ. Ιλ.) 2. αναχωρώ (α. «έφυγαν για ταξίδι τού μέλιτος» β. «Κῡρος μὲν τέθνηκεν …   Dictionary of Greek

  • φύω — ΝΜΑ, και αιολ. τ. φυίω Α 1. (μτβ.) συντελώ στο να φυτρώσει κάτι, εκφύω 2. μέσ. φύομαι (κυρίως για φυτά και δέντρα) φυτρώνω, εκφύομαι αρχ. 1. (αμτθ.) α) (για φυτά και δέντρα) εκφύω βλαστούς, βλαστάνω («δρύες... αἵτε φύοντι παρ ὄχθαισιν ποταμοῑο»,… …   Dictionary of Greek

  • ύφεαρ — έαρος, τὸ, Α (στους Αρκάδες) ο ιξός που φύεται στα πεύκα ή στα έλατα. [ΕΤΥΜΟΛ. Αβέβαιης ετυμολ. Η άποψη ότι η λ. ὕφεαρ είναι σύνθ. από το ὑ/ὐ*, κυπριακό τ. πρόθεσης ισοδύναμο τού επί, και έναν τ. *φέFαρ αναγόμενο στην απαθή βαθμίδα τής ρίζας τού… …   Dictionary of Greek

  • Имперфект — (несовершенное время) одно из так наз. вторичных времен, принадлежащих к системе настоящего времени по образованию временной основы. И. свойственен многим индоевропейским языкам и несомненно существовал уже в индоевропейском праязыке. От… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

  • Goudjarati — Gujarâtî Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gujarati (homonymie). gujarâtî ગુજરાતી / gujarātī Parlée en Inde, Tanzanie, Ouganda, Pakistan, Kenya, Madagascar Région Asie …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”