To shine; bright, white. Oldest form *bherəg̑-, becoming *bherəg- in centum languages.
1. bright, from Old English beorht, bright, from Germanic *berhtaz, bright.
2. “The white tree,” the birch (also the ash).
a. birch, birk, from Old English birc(e), birch, from Germanic *birkjōn-;
b. probably suffixed zero-grade form *bhrag-s-. fraxinella, from Latin fraxinus, ash tree.
[Pokorny bherəg̑- 139.]

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • bher-1 —     bher 1     English meaning: to bear, carry     Deutsche Übersetzung: “tragen, bringen” etc (also Leibesfrucht tragen; med. “ferri”), also “aufheben, erheben”     Grammatical information: The root bher , forms the exceptional both themat. and… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-2 —     bher 2     English meaning: to boil, swell; to get high     Deutsche Übersetzung: etwa “aufwallen”, von quellendem or siedendem Wasser (also vom Aufbrausen beim Gähren, Kochen, as well as vom fire) ‘sich heftig bewegen”     Note: often with m …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-5 —     bher 5     English meaning: shining; brown     Deutsche Übersetzung: “glänzend, hellbraun”     Note: extensions of bher ‘shine, appear, seem”, bhereĝ , bherek̂ ‘shine”.     Material: O.Ind. bhalla ḥ, bhallaka ḥ bhallū̆ka ḥ “bear” ( ll… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-6 —     bher 6     English meaning: to roast, cook     Deutsche Übersetzung: “rösten, backen, kochen”     Note: with g extensions, before partly i , u vowels; it derived from bher 2 “ move violently, surge, boil, cook”.     Material: 1. forms without …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-3 —     bher 3     English meaning: to scrape, cut, etc.     Deutsche Übersetzung: “with einem scharfen Werkzeug bearbeiten, ritzen, schneiden, reiben, spalten”     Material: O.Ind. (gramm.) bhr̥nüti (?) “injures, hurts, disables” = Pers. burrad… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-4 —     bher 4     English meaning: to roar, buzz, onomatopoeic words     Deutsche Übersetzung: in Schallworten “brummen, summen” under likewise     Note: An extension at most in *bherem “drone, grumble” and treated onomatopoeic words under bherg… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher-7 —     bher 7     English meaning: to weave     Deutsche Übersetzung: “flechten, weben”?     Material: Hom. φᾶρος = Att. φάρος n. (*φαρFος) “kerchief, cloth, canvas, fabric, velum, cover”; φάραι (?) ὑφαίνειν, πλέκειν Hes.; φορμός “ pannier, mat”;… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bher- — I. bher 1 To carry; also to bear children. Derivatives include birth, fertile, suffer, furtive, and metaphor. 1. a. (i) bear1, from Old English beran …   Universalium

  • bherǝĝ -, bhrēĝ - —     bherǝĝ , bhrēĝ     English meaning: to shine; white, *ash wood, ashen, birch tree, elm     Deutsche Übersetzung: “glänzen, weiß”     Note: equivalent with bherē̆ k̂ , s. d. the groups bhereĝ , bherek̂ shine, appear, seem to be extensions… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • bherǝk̂ -, bhrēk̂ - —     bherǝk̂ , bhrēk̂     English meaning: to shine     Deutsche Übersetzung: “glänzen”     Note: equivalent with bherǝĝ , bhrēĝ ds. (see there, also because of ambiguous words)     Material: O.Ind. bhrü s atē “blazes, shines” (uncovered); Gk.… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

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