bheid-

bheid-
To split; with Germanic derivatives referring to biting (hence also to eating and to hunting) and woodworking.
Derivatives include bite, bitter, and fission.
1.
a. beetle1, bite, from Old English bītan, to bite;
b. tsimmes, from Old High German bīzan, bizzan, to bite. Both a and b from Germanic *bītan.
2. Zero-grade form *bhid-.
a. bit2, from Old English bite, a bite, sting, from Germanic *bitiz;
b. (i) bit1, from Old English bita, a piece bitten off, morsel; (ii) bitt, from a Germanic source akin to Old Norse biti, bit, crossbeam. Both (i) and (ii) from Germanic *bitōn-;
c. suffixed form *bhid-ro-. bitter, from Old English bit(t)er, “biting,” sharp, bitter.
3. O-grade form *bhoid-.
a. bait1, from Old Norse beita (verb), to hunt with dogs, and beita (noun), pasture, food;
b. abet, from Old French beter, to harass with dogs. Both a and b from Germanic *baitjan.
4. bateau, boat; boatswain, from Old English bāt, boat, from Germanic *bait-, a boat (< “dugout canoe” or “split planking”).
5. Nasalized zero-grade form *bhi-n-d-. -fid, fissi-, fissile, fission, fissure, vent2, from Latin findere, to split.
 
[Pokorny bheid- 116.]

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bheid- —     bheid     English meaning: to prick, pierce     Deutsche Übersetzung: ‘spalten”     Material: O.Ind. bhinádmi (participle bhindánt = Lat. findēns, bhinná ḥ besides bhittá ḥ = Lat. fissus), bhē dümi ‘split, carve, rupture etc”, bhidyátē “… …   Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary

  • The Redemption of Althalus — infobox Book | name = The Redemption of Althalus title orig = translator = image caption = First edition cover author = David Eddings Leigh Eddings illustrator = cover artist = country = United States language = English series = genre = Fantasy… …   Wikipedia

  • List of fictional clergy and religious figures — Clergy and other religious figures have generally represented a popular outlet for pop culture, although this has tapered in recent years. Some of the more popular clergy, members of religious orders and other religious personages featured in… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Spanish words of Germanic origin — This is an initial list of many Spanish words that come from Germanic languages. It is further divided into words that come from Visigothic, Frankish, Langobardic, Middle Dutch, Middle High German, Middle Low German, Old English, Old High German …   Wikipedia

  • List of Portuguese words of Germanic origin — This is a list of Portuguese words that come from Germanic languages. It is further divided into words that come from English, Frankish, Langobardic, Middle Dutch, Middle High German, Middle Low German, Old English, Old High German, Old Norse,… …   Wikipedia

  • La Rédemption d'Althalus — (titre original : The Redemption of Althalus) est un roman de fantasy, écrit par l auteur américain David Eddings, avec la collaboration de sa femme, Leigh Eddings. Il est paru le 3 juillet 2000 aux États Unis et en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • beißen — kauen * * * bei|ßen [ bai̮sn̩], biss, gebissen: 1. a) <itr.; hat mit den Zähnen (in etwas) eindringen: in den Apfel beißen; ich habe mir/mich aus Versehen auf die Zunge gebissen. b) <itr.; hat mit den Zähnen auf etwas treffen: auf Pfeffer… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • beißen — Vst. std. (8. Jh.), mhd. bīzen, ahd. bīz(z)an, as. bītan Stammwort. Aus g. * beit a Vst. beißen , auch in gt. beitan, anord. bíta, ae. bītan, afr. bīta; dieses aus ig. * bheid spalten, trennen , auch in ai. bhinátti zerstört, erschlägt , gr.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • abet — (v.) late 14c. (implied in abetting), from O.Fr. abeter to bait, to harass with dogs, lit. to cause to bite, from a to (see AD (Cf. ad )) + beter to bait, from a Germanic source, perhaps Low Franconian betan incite, or O.N. beita cause to bite,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • bit — {{11}}bit (n.1) small piece, c.1200, from related O.E. words bite act of biting, and bita piece bitten off, are probably the source of the modern words meaning boring piece of a drill (1590s), mouthpiece of a horse s bridle (mid 14c.), and a… …   Etymology dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”