to-

to-
to- [to͞o, too, tə]
ME < OE, akin to Ger zer-, L dis-: see DIS-prefix
Obs. completely, entirely, severely: used with verbs as an intensive [to-brokenmeansbroken to pieces]

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Demonstrative pronoun. For the nominative singular see so-.
Derivatives include decoy, thus, and tandem.
1.
a. the2; natheless, from Old English thē, thȳ (instrumental case), by the;
b. decoy, from Middle Dutch de, the;
c. lest, from Old English the, a conjunction. a-c from Germanic *thē, from Indo-European instrumental form *tē.
2. though, from Middle English though, though, from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse thō, though, from Germanic *thauh, “for all that.”
3. these, this, those, from Old English thes, this, this, from Germanic *thasi-.
4. than, then, from Old English thanne, thænne, thenne, than, then, from Germanic *thana-.
5. thence, from Old English thanon, thence, from Germanic *thanana-.
6. there, from Old English thǣr, thēr, there, from Germanic *thēr.
7. thither, from Old English thæder, thider, thither, from Germanic *thathro.
8. they, from Old Norse their, they, from Germanic nominative plural *thai.
9. their, from Old Norse their(r)a, theirs, from Germanic genitive plural *thaira.
10. them, from Old Norse theim and Old English thǣm, them, from Germanic dative plural *thaimiz.
11. Extended neuter form *tod-. that, from Old English thæt, that, from Germanic *that.
12. thus, from Old English thus, thus, from Germanic *thus-.
13. Adverbial (originally accusative) form *tam. tandem, tantamount, from Latin tandem, at last, so much, and tantus, so much.
14. Suffixed reduced form *t-āli-. tales, from Latin tālis, such.
15. tauto-, from Greek to, the.
 
[Pokorny 1. to- 1086.]

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Universalium. 2010.

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