Kariba Dam

Kariba Dam
Kariba Dam [kə rē′bə]
dam on the Zambezi River, on the Zambian-Zimbabwean border: 420 ft (128 m) high: it has created a lake (Kariba Lake), 2,000 sq mi (5,180 sq km)

* * *

dam, Africa
      concrete arch dam across the Zambezi River at Kariba Gorge, on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. Construction of the dam began on Nov. 6, 1956, and was completed in 1959. The structure is 420 feet (128 m) high with a crest 1,899 feet (579 m) in length and a volume of 1,350,000 cubic yards (1,032,000 cubic m). The dam creates Lake Kariba, and it supplies some 6,700,000,000 kilowatt-hours of electricity annually, generated by Kariba North Bank and South Bank companies (Zambia and Zimbabwe, respectively). Its creation required the resettlement of more than 30,000 Batonka tribespeople of Zambia and the evacuation of thousands of wild animals (“Operation Noah”). Some Africans initially opposed construction of the dam, seeing it as a symbol of the unpopular Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, which dissolved into Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Zambia in 1963. Later, however, the dam was accepted because of the inexpensive electric power it furnishes to Zambia's prosperous copper industry.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kariba Dam — [kə rē′bə] dam on the Zambezi River, on the Zambian Zimbabwean border: 420 ft (128 m) high: it has created a lake (Kariba Lake), 2,000 sq mi (5,180 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Kariba Dam — Infobox Dam dam name= Kariba Dam caption= Kariba Dam from the Zimbabwean side official name= Kariba Dam crosses= Zambezi River reservoir=Lake Kariba locale=Zambia Zimbabwe maint= length= 1900 ft (579 m) height= 420 ft (128 m) width= began= 1955… …   Wikipedia

  • Kariba Dam — Ka|ri|ba Dam the Kariba Dam one of the world s biggest ↑dams (=a large wall built across a river or lake) , built across the Zambezi river in southern Africa …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Kariba Dam — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kariba, Zimbabwe — Kariba is a town in Mashonaland West province, Zimbabwe, located close to the Kariba Dam at the northwestern end of Lake Kariba, near the Zambian border. According to the 1992 Population Census, the town had a population of 20,736.Located in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Kariba Gorge — is a large, natural gorge through which flowed the Zambezi River on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe, Africa. In 1959 the large double arch concrete Kariba Dam was completed, completely filling the gorge and creating one of the largest man made… …   Wikipedia

  • Dam — /dam, dahm/, n. (Carl Peter) Henrik /kahrl pee ter hen rik/; Dan. /kahrddl pay teuhrdd hen rddik/, 1895 1976, Danish biochemist: Nobel prize for medicine 1943. * * * I Barrier built across a stream, river, or estuary to conserve water for such… …   Universalium

  • Kariba — * Kariba, Zimbabwe * Lake Kariba * Kariba Dam * Kariba Gorge * Kariba (District) * Kariba weed, plant …   Wikipedia

  • dam — dam1 /dam/, n., v., dammed, damming. n. 1. a barrier to obstruct the flow of water, esp. one of earth, masonry, etc., built across a stream or river. 2. a body of water confined by a dam. 3. any barrier resembling a dam. v.t. 4. to furnish with a …   Universalium

  • Kariba — /keuh ree beuh/, n. an artificial lake in SE Africa on the border of SW Zimbabwe and S Zambia: site of hydroelectric power project. ab. 2000 sq. mi. (5200 sq. km). * * * ▪ Zimbabwe  town, northern Zimbabwe. Situated on the south bank of the… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”