Judas Maccabaeus

Judas Maccabaeus

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died 161/160 BC

Leader of a Jewish rebellion against the Syrians.

The son of an aged priest who took to the mountains in rebellion when Antiochus IV Ephiphanes tried to impose the Greek religion on the Jews, Judas became leader of the rebels on his father's death and won a series of victories over the Syrians in 166–164 BC. In 166 he purified the Temple of Jerusalem, an event celebrated at Hanukkah. On Antiochus's death in 164, the Seleucids offered the Jews freedom of worship, but Judas continued the war, hoping to gain political freedom. He was killed soon thereafter, but his brothers carried on the struggle. The history of the dynasty is told in the two books of Maccabees in the Apocrypha.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Judas Maccabaeus — Judas Makkabäus Judas Maccabaeus (Judas Makkabäus; HWV 63) ist ein Oratorium in drei Akten von Georg Friedrich Händel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Entstehung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Judas Maccabaeus — see MACCABAEUS Judas …   English World dictionary

  • Judas Maccabaeus (Handel) — Judas Maccabaeus (HWV 63) is an oratorio in three acts by George Frideric Handel. Background The political context is the Jacobite Rising of 1745. Handel in 1746 hastily composed the Occasional Oratorio for the encouragement of the English. After …   Wikipedia

  • Judas Maccabaeus. — See Maccabaeus, Judas. * * * …   Universalium

  • Judas Maccabaeus — Ju′das Maccabae′us n. anh big jud Maccabaeus Judas …   From formal English to slang

  • Judas Maccabaeus. — See Maccabaeus, Judas …   Useful english dictionary

  • Judas Maccabaeus — /dʒudəs mækəˈbiəs/ (say joohduhs makuh beeuhs) noun → Maccabaeus …  

  • Judas Maccabaeus — biographical name see Maccabees …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Judas Maccabaeus — Jewish leader who defeated Antiochus IV in 165 BCE …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Judas Maccabaeus — noun Jewish leader of a revolt in Judea that recovered Jerusalem around 166 BC; hero of the Apocryphal books I Maccabees and II Maccabees (? 161 BC) • Instance Hypernyms: ↑leader …   Useful english dictionary

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