Hugh Capet

Hugh Capet
see CAPET Hugh

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born с 938
died Oct. 14, 996, Paris, Fr.

King of France (987–996), the founder of the Capetian dynasty.

The son of a Frankish duke, he inherited vast estates in the regions of Paris and Orléans, which made him one of the most powerful vassals in France and a serious threat to the Carolingian king, Lothar. By 985 Hugh was the ruler of France in all but name, and two years later he was elected king. He immediately crowned his own son to ensure the line of succession, a practice continued until the time of Louis VII. He mediated disputes among French nobles and survived a conspiracy to betray him to Otto III.

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▪ king of France
French  Hugues Capet  
born c. 938
died Oct. 14, 996, Paris, France

      king of France from 987 to 996, and the first of a direct line of 14 Capetian kings of that country. The Capetian dynasty derived its name from his nickname (Latin capa, “cape”).

      Hugh was the eldest son of Hugh the Great, duke of the Franks. On his father's death in 956, Hugh Capet inherited vast estates in the regions of Paris and Orléans, extending in some places south of the Loire River. He thus became one of the most powerful vassals in the kingdom and a serious danger to the Carolingian king, Lothar. Hugh married Adelaide, daughter of William III, duke of Aquitaine, in 970, but his efforts to extend his influence into that southwestern kingdom were unsuccessful. From 978 to 986 Hugh was allied with the German emperors Otto II and Otto III and with Adalbero (Adalbero Of Ardennes), archbishop of Reims, in political intrigues against the Carolingian king. By 985 Hugh was actually the ruler in all but title; and, after the brief reign of Lothar's son, Louis V (986–987), Hugh was elected king of France in May 987 by the assembly of Frankish magnates. Adalbero was able to convince the magnates that the crown was elective rather than hereditary and that Charles of Lorraine, the only legitimate Carolingian contender, was unfit to rule. Hugh was crowned at Noyon on July 5, 987. Scholars are generally agreed that Hugh's election was not a revolutionary action. His grandfather Robert I, his great-uncle Eudes, and his uncle Rudolf (Raoul) had all earlier been non-Carolingian kings.

      Hugh's reign was marked by the unavailing efforts of Charles of Lorraine (imprisoned 991) to assert himself and by continual conflict between Eudes I, count of Blois, and Fulk Nerra of Anjou, whom Hugh later supported. In 993 Eudes was aided by the bishop of Laon in an unsuccessful conspiracy to deliver Hugh and his son Robert over to Otto III. That no one was punished for the incident indicated the weakness of the new Capetian dynasty. Hugh's crown was probably preserved by the inability of his enemies to coordinate their activities against him.

      The Capetian dynasty's subsequent rule for more than 300 years has invested Hugh Capet's reign with a greater significance than his actual achievements merit. Very soon after ascending the throne, Hugh Capet arranged the coronation (December 987) of his own son, Robert, who upon Hugh's death succeeded to the throne without difficulty. This practice of crowning the heir during the father's lifetime was continued by the Capetians until the time of Louis VII and undoubtedly contributed to the dynasty's stability and longevity.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hugh Capet — • King of France, founder of the Capetian dynasty, b. about the middle of the tenth century; d. about 996, probably 24 October Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hugh Capet     Hugh Capet …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hugh Capet — see CAPET Hugh …   English World dictionary

  • Hugh Capet — Infobox French Royalty|monarch name=Hugh Capet title=King of the Franks caption=An imagined image of Hugh Capet; no contemporary images of Hugh exist. reign=3 July 987 ndash; 24 October 996 coronation=3 July 987, Noyons othertitles= full name=… …   Wikipedia

  • HUGH CAPET —    the first of the Capetian dynasty of France, son of Hugh Capet, Count of Paris; proclaimed king in 987; his reign was a troubled one by the revolt of the very party that had raised him to the throne, and who refused to own his supremacy;… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Hugh Capet — Hugh′ Ca′pet [[t]hyu[/t]] or, often, [[t]yu[/t]] n. anh big Capet, Hugh …   From formal English to slang

  • Hugh Capet. — See Capet, Hugh. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hugh Capet. — See Capet, Hugh …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hugh Capet — noun King of France elected in 987 and founding the Capetian dynasty (940 996) • Syn: ↑Capet • Derivationally related forms: ↑Capetian (for: ↑Capet) • Instance Hypernyms: ↑King of France …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hugh Capet — /hju ˈkeɪpət/ (say hyooh kaypuht), /ˈkæp / (say kap ), /kaˈpeɪ/ (say kah pay) noun → Capet …  

  • Hugh Capet — biographical name circa 938 996 king of France (987 996) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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