es- [es, is, əs]
* * *To be. Oldest form *ə₁es-, zero-grade *ə₁s-.1. Athematic first person singular form *es-mi. am1, from Old English eam, eom, am, from Germanic *izm(i).3. Optative stem *sī-. yes, from Old English gēse, yes, from sīe, may it be (so) (gēa, yea; see i-), from Germanic *sijai-.4. Suffixed zero-grade (participial) form *ə₁s-ont-, becoming *sont-, being, existing, hence real, true.b. suffixed (collective) zero-grade form *sn̥t-yā-, “that which is.” sin1, from Old English synn, sin, from Germanic *sun(d)jō, sin (< “it is true,” “the sin is real”);5. Basic form *es-. entity, essence; abessive, absent, adessive, essive, improve, inessive, interest, ossia, present1, present2, proud, quintessence, represent, stover, from Latin esse, to be.6. Basic form *es-. -ont, onto-; -biont, Homoiousian, Parousia, schizont, from Greek einai (present participle ont-, being), to be (in pareinai, to be present).
* * *