Stuart, James (Francis)Edward

Stuart, James (Francis)Edward
Stuart, James (Francis) Edward. Known as “the Old Pretender.” 1688-1766.
Pretender to the British throne. The son of James II, he made two unsuccessful attempts to take the throne (1708-1715). The final Jacobite rising (1745-1746), also a failure, was conducted on his behalf by his son Charles Edward Stuart.

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