So·khu·mi or Su·khu·mi (so͝okʹə-mē, so͝oKHʹ-)
A city of western Georgia on the Black Sea west-northwest of Tbilisi. The administrative capital of the republic of Abkhazia, it was the center of a secessionist movement in the 1990s. Population: 122,000.

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formerly Sukhumi ancient Dioscurias.

Seaport (pop., 1991 est.: 120,000), Republic of Georgia.

Located on the Black Sea, it was the site of an ancient Greek colony that was later held successively by the Romans, Byzantines, Ottomans, and Russians. It became a popular resort. After Georgia's independence (1991), it was the centre of a rebellion for Abkhazian independence. It is the capital of the autonomous republic of Abkhazia.

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      city, capital of Abkhazia, Georgia. It lies on the site of the ancient Greek colony of Dioscurias on the Black Sea coast. Sokhumi's seaside location, beaches, and warm climate made it a popular Black Sea resort, with many sanatoriums and holiday camps. Local industries include fruit canning and wine making; there are also foundries and electrical-equipment plants. The city is the site of Sokhumi Botanical Garden, as well as a teacher-training institute and an institute of subtropical agriculture. Sokhumi was heavily damaged in 1993 during fighting between Abkhazian separatists and Georgian military forces holding the city. Pop. (2002) 43,716.

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Universalium. 2010.

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