My·ko·la·yiv (mĭk'ə-läʹyĭv, -yēw) or Ni·ko·la·yev (nĭk'ə-läʹyəf, nyĭ'kə-)
A city of southern Ukraine at the mouth of the Western Bug River northeast of Odessa. Founded c. 1784 as a fortress, it became a shipbuilding center in the 1780s. Population: 515,400.

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Russian  Nikolayev,  also spelled  Nikolaev 

      city, southern Ukraine. The city lies along the estuary of the Southern (Pivdennyy) Buh River, about 40 miles (65 km) from the Black Sea. It was founded in 1788 as a naval base after the Russian annexation of the Black Sea coast, near the site of the ancient Greek Olbia. In 1862 a commercial harbour was opened, and in 1873 a railway was built to the port. It is now one of the most important Ukrainian Black Sea ports, serving the Kryvyy Rih area and extensive steppe grain lands. Mykolayiv is one of the largest shipbuilding centres of Ukraine. The city also has a wide range of other engineering and consumer-goods industries. An alumina-processing plant utilizing imported bauxite was built in the 1970s in the suburb of Zhovtneve. Mykolayiv is a modern city in appearance, laid out on a gridiron pattern of broad streets. Pop. (2001) 514,136; (2005 est.) 509,011.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Mykolayiv State Agrarian University — Mykolaiv State Agrarian University Миколаївський державний аграрний університет Established 2002 Rector Vyacheslav Shebanin …   Wikipedia

  • Mykolayiv — or Nikolayev geographical name city & port S Ukraine …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mykolayiv — n. province in southern Ukraine; city in southern Ukraine (also known as Nikolayev) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Mykolayiv — /mɪkoʊˈlaɪjəf/ (say mikoh luyyuhf) noun → Makeyevka …  

  • Mykolayiv — …   Useful english dictionary

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