nutrition common microbes that

nutrition common microbes that

Common food-borne illnesses
illness (and causative organism) common food sources symptoms
symptom onset
Illnesses caused by bacteria
(Clostridium botulinum) canned foods, honey (for infants) nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, difficulty swallowing and speaking, muscle weakness and paralysis, fatigue, blurred or double vision
18-36 hours
(Campylobacter jejuni) raw or undercooked chicken, unpasteurized milk, non-chlorinated water watery or bloody diarrhea, vomiting, fever, nausea, muscle pain, abdominal cramps
2-5 days
(Vibrio cholerae) shellfish, contaminated water abdominal cramps, diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, coma, cardiovascular collapse
6 hours-5 days
E. coli infection
(Escherichia coli, O157:H7,
and other strains) undercooked beef (especially ground), unpasteurized milk
and fruit juices, dry-cured salami, alfalfa sprouts, contaminated water, raw fruits and vegetables watery or bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps, acute kidney failure
12-72 hours
(Listeria monocytogenes) unpasteurized milk, soft cheeses fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, encephalitis, blood infection, miscarriage or stillbirth in pregnant women, headache
gastrointestinal symptoms, more than 12 hours; serious symptoms, 3 days-3 weeks
perfringens food poisoning
(Clostridium perfringens) improperly cooked or stored meat products diarrhea, abdominal cramps
8-24 hours
salmonellosis (Salmonella)
(nontyphoid Salmonella species) raw or undercooked eggs, poultry, meat, or fish; unpasteurized milk nausea, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, chills, vomiting, headache
6-48 hours
(Shigella) salads (potato, shrimp, macaroni, chicken), raw vegetables, dairy products, poultry, contaminated water watery or bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting
5-50 hours
staphylococcal food poisoning
2-6 hours
(Salmonella typhi) sewage-contaminated water, shellfish, raw fruits and vegetables, dairy products fever, chills, headache, abdominal pain, constipation, enlarged spleen, rash, intestinal perforation or hemorrhage
1-3 weeks
Vibriosis (vibrio)
(Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus) raw, undercooked, or
recontaminated seafood gastroenteritis, bloody or watery diarrhea, fever, blood infection, abdominal pain, chills, weakness
4-96 hours
(Yersinia enterocolitica) raw vegetables and meat, water, unpasteurized milk fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, headache, nausea, malaise
24-48 hours
Illnesses caused by viruses
(hepatitis A virus) contaminated water, shellfish, salads fever, malaise, nausea, anorexia, abdominal discomfort, jaundice
10-50 days
Norwalk-like virus shellfish, contaminated water, salad ingredients vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain
24-48 hours
Illnesses caused by parasitic protozoans and worms
(Entamoeba histolytica) contaminated water, raw fruits
or vegetables, unpasteurized dairy products gastrointestinal distress, bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps, intestinal ulcers
1-4 weeks
(Cryptosporidium parvum) contaminated water, raw fruits and vegetables diarrhea, abdominal cramps, fever
2-10 days
cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora cayetanensis) contaminated water,
Guatemalan raspberries diarrhea, vomiting, muscle pain, fatigue
1 week
(Giardia lamblia) contaminated water diarrhea, abdominal pain, bloating, heartburn, anorexia, nausea, vomiting
5-25 days
(Trichinella spiralis) raw or undercooked pork and wild game fever, abdominal symptoms, joint and muscle pain, headache, facial swelling, painful breathing, muscle weakness
abdominal symptoms, 1-2 days; further symptoms, 2-8 weeks
Illnesses caused by natural toxins
ciguatera fish poisoning (fish poisoning)
(dinoflagellates) warm-water fishes, typically grouper, snapper, amberjack, and barracuda numbness and tingling, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory paralysis, muscle pain, heart abnormalities
within 6 hours
scombroid poisoning (fish poisoning) spoiled fish, such as tuna, mackerel, or mahimahi nausea, vomiting, headache, thirst, hives, diarrhea, itchiness, tingling of the mouth and throat
immediate to 30 minutes
paralytic oysters, clams, mussels, scallops paralysis, tingling and numbness, dry throat, incoordination, incoherent speech, respiratory paralysis
30 minutes-2 hours

See as table:

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Equine nutrition — is the feeding of horses, ponies, mules, donkeys, and other equines. Correct and balanced nutrition is a critical component of proper horse care.Horses are non ruminant herbivores of a type known as a hind gut fermentor. This means that horses… …   Wikipedia

  • nutritional disease — Introduction       any of the nutrient related diseases and conditions that cause illness in humans. They may include deficiencies or excesses in the diet, obesity and eating disorders, and chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease,… …   Universalium

  • Health and Disease — ▪ 2009 Introduction Food and Drug Safety.       In 2008 the contamination of infant formula and related dairy products with melamine in China led to widespread health problems in children, including urinary problems and possible renal tube… …   Universalium

  • microbiology — microbiological /muy kroh buy euh loj i keuhl/, microbiologic, adj. microbiologically, adv. microbiologist, n. /muy kroh buy ol euh jee/, n. the branch of biology dealing with the structure, function, uses, and modes of existence of microscopic… …   Universalium

  • Crohn's disease — Classification and external resources The three most common sites of intestinal involvement in Crohn s disease are ileal, ileocolic and colonic.[ …   Wikipedia

  • immune system disorder — Introduction        Disorders of the immune systemany of various failures in the body s defense mechanisms against infectious organisms (see table (Disorders of the immune system)). Disorders of immunity include immune deficiency diseases, such… …   Universalium

  • Foodborne illness — Food safety Terms Foodborne illness Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) …   Wikipedia

  • Cheese — For other uses, see Cheese (disambiguation). A platter with cheese and garnishes …   Wikipedia

  • Life Sciences — ▪ 2009 Introduction Zoology       In 2008 several zoological studies provided new insights into how species life history traits (such as the timing of reproduction or the length of life of adult individuals) are derived in part as responses to… …   Universalium

  • plant disease — ▪ plant pathology Introduction       an impairment of the normal state of a plant that interrupts or modifies its vital functions.       All species of plants, wild and cultivated alike, are subject to disease. Although each species is… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”