Iran, flag of

Iran, flag of

▪ Flag History

      horizontally striped green-white-red national flag with a red design (a stylized coat of arms (arms, coat of)) in the centre and Arabic inscriptions along the edges of the stripes. The flag has a width-to-length ratio of 4 to 7.

       Iran's Lion and Sun emblem was displayed on a flag as early as the 15th century, and in the late 19th century the colours green and red were added as a border to a white flag bearing those symbols. After the granting of the constitution of 1906, a tricolour typical of the national flags of many other countries was officially recognized for Iran. Its horizontal stripes of green-white-red were associated, respectively, with the Islamic faith of the country, peace, and valour. Emblazoned in the centre of the white stripe was the Lion and Sun; additional symbols (the imperial crown and a wreath) were added for special purposes such as the naval ensign. Over subsequent decades, many artistic variations were made to these symbols.

      In 1979 the fundamentalist religious movement led by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (Khomeini, Ruhollah) overthrew the shah (Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi) and his government and altered the national flag. Although the green-white-red stripes were retained, along the bottom of the green stripe and top of the red stripe a stylized Arabic inscription—“Allāhu akbar” (“God is great”)—was repeated 22 times in honour of the fact that the revolution had taken place on 22 Bahrām in the Iranian calendar. The words “Allāhu akbar” are used by the muezzin to call faithful Muslims to prayer five times a day. They are also an Islamic battle cry. In the centre of the flag the Lion and Sun was replaced by the new coat of arms of Iran. This stylized design has a complex set of symbolisms; it can be read as a rendition in Arabic of the word “Allāh,” as a representation of the globe, or as two crescents (crescent). The inscriptions and central emblem are appropriate for the Iranian flag in light of the religious basis of the country's 1979 revolution and the sectarian regime subsequently established.

Whitney Smith
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Irán en la Copa Mundial de Fútbol de 2006 — Irán 26º lugar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Iran Pro League — 2011 2012 Deporte Fútbol Fundación 2001 Número de equipos 18 País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Iran — Persia redirects here. For other uses, see Persia (disambiguation). Coordinates: 32°N 53°E …   Wikipedia

  • Flag of Iran — The current flag of Iran was adopted on July 29, 1980, and is a reflection of the changes brought to Iran by the Islamic Revolution. The basic design of the flag is three horizontal bands of green above white above red, symbolizing vigour, peace …   Wikipedia

  • Iran — /i ran , i rahn , uy ran /, n. a republic in SW Asia. 67,540,002; ab. 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). Cap.: Teheran. Formerly (until 1935), Persia. * * * Iran Introduction Iran Background: Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic… …   Universalium

  • Irán en la Copa Mundial de Fútbol de 1978 — Irán 14º lugar Asociación F.F.I.R.I. Confederación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Iran Air Flight 655 — Artist s depiction of A300 EP IBU Occurrence summary Date 3 July 1988 …   Wikipedia

  • Iran (Llesp) — Iran Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Iran aux Jeux olympiques d'hiver de 2010 — Iran aux Jeux olympiques Iran aux Jeux olympiques d hiver de 2010 Code CIO  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Iran hostage crisis — Iran United States hostage crisis A defaced Great Seal of the United States at the former U.S. embassy, Tehran, Iran, as it appeared in 2004 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”