Zorach, William

Zorach, William

▪ American sculptor
born February 28, 1887, Eurburg, Lithuania
died November 16, 1966, Bath, Maine, U.S.
 U.S. traditionalist sculptor of simple, figurative subjects who was a leading figure in the early 20th-century revival of direct carving, whereby the sculptor seeks his image directly from the material to be carved, relying on neither the inspiration of models nor the aid of mechanical devices. Zorach's mature work is monumental in form and makes skillful use of the natural colour, veining, and textures of the materials used—usually stone and wood. Often, he left the marks of the sculptor's tools to enrich the surface.

      Zorach immigrated to the United States when he was four and was reared in Cleveland. He studied painting at the Cleveland Institute of Art and in Paris (1910–11), where he painted with vivid colours and freely rendered forms in the manner of Henri Matisse (Matisse, Henri) and other painters of the Fauve movement (see Fauvism). He took up sculpture in 1917 and gave up painting, except for watercolour, in 1922. From 1929 to 1960 Zorach taught sculpture at the Art Students League in New York City, where he inspired many students to take up wood carving.

      Among his major public commissions are Spirit of the Dance (1932; Radio City Music Hall, New York City), the Mayo Clinic relief Man and Work (1953; Rochester, Minnesota), and Spirit of the Sea (1962; Bath, Maine).

      He wrote two books: Art Is My Life (1967), his autobiography, and Zorach Explains Sculpture (1947).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ZORACH, WILLIAM — (1887–1966), U.S. sculptor and painter. Lithuanian born William Zorach immigrated with his parents to the United States in 1891, settling in Ohio. Zorach only completed school up to the eighth grade, forced into working because of the family s… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zorach, William —    see Garfinkel, Zorach …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Zorach,William — Zor·ach (zōʹrăk , räk , räKH ), William. 1887 1966. Lithuanian born American sculptor whose simple monumental works include Builders of the Future (1939). * * * …   Universalium

  • Zorach, William — (1887 1966)    American sculptor. He was born in Eurburg, Lithuania, and emigrated to the US in 1891. He studied art in Cleveland, New York and Paris. In his later works he utilized Jewish subject matter …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Zorach, William — ► (1887 1966) Escultor estadounidense. Sus obras son muy vigorosas. Autor de Figura flotante, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Zorach — Zorach, William …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William Zorach — Zorach Gorfinkel Zorach fotografiado por Man Ray circa 1917 …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Zorach — (February 28, 1887 ndash; November 15 1966) was a Lithuanian American sculptor, painter, printmaker, and writer. He won the Logan Medal of the arts.BiographyBorn Zorach Samovich in 1889, in Jurbarkas ( ru. Eurburg) in Lithuania as the eighth of… …   Wikipedia

  • Zorach — /zawr ahk, ahkh, ak, zohr /, n. William, 1887 1966, U.S. sculptor and painter, born in Lithuania. * * * …   Universalium

  • Zorach — Zo•rach [[t]ˈzɔr ɑk, ɑx, æk, ˈzoʊr [/t]] n. big William, 1887–1966, U.S. sculptor and painter, born in Lithuania …   From formal English to slang

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”