Zeeman, Pieter

Zeeman, Pieter

▪ Dutch physicist
born May 25, 1865, Zonnemaire, Neth.
died Oct. 9, 1943, Amsterdam

      Dutch physicist who shared with Hendrik A. Lorentz (Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon) the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1902 for his discovery of the Zeeman effect (q.v.).

      Zeeman, who had been a student of Lorentz at the University of Leiden, began lecturing at Leiden in 1890. Six years later, at the suggestion of Lorentz, he investigated the effect of magnetic fields on a source of light and found that each of the lines in the spectrum of emitted light split into several lines; this became known as the Zeeman effect. Zeeman was appointed professor of physics at the University of Amsterdam in 1900 and director of its Physical Institute in 1908. Remaining there until his death, he conducted research on the propagation of light in moving media such as water, quartz, and flint.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Zeeman , Pieter — (1865–1943) Dutch physicist Born at Zonnemair in the Netherlands, Zeeman studied at Leiden University and received a doctorate in 1893. This was for his work on the Kerr effect, which concerns the effect of a magnetic field on light. In 1896 he… …   Scientists

  • Zeeman,Pieter — Zee·man (zāʹmän ), Pieter. 1865 1943. Dutch physicist. He shared a 1902 Nobel Prize for researching the influence of magnetism on radiation. * * * …   Universalium

  • Zeeman, Pieter — ► (1865 1943) Físico holandés. Trabajó en óptica y astrofísica. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1902, compartido con H. A. Lorentz, por el descubrimiento del efecto que lleva su nombre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Zeeman — Pieter …   Scientists

  • Pieter Zeeman — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pieter Zeeman. Pieter Zeeman (Zonnemaire, Holanda, 25 de mayo de 1865 Ámsterdam, 9 de octubre de 1943) fue un físico neerlandés galardonado con el Premio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pieter Zeeman — Naissance 25 mai 1865 Zonnemaire (Pays Bas) Décès 9 octobre 1943 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Zeeman effect — n. [after ZEEMAN Pieter] Physics the effect produced upon the structure of the spectral lines of light emitted or absorbed by atoms subjected to a moderately strong magnetic field, resulting in the splitting of each spectrum line into two or… …   English World dictionary

  • Zeeman — Zeeman, Pieter Zeeman, efecto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Zeeman — (Pieter) (1865 1943) physicien néerlandais. Il découvrit (1896) la décomposition des raies spectrales émises par les atomes sous l action d un champ magnétique (effet Zeeman). P. Nobel 1902 (avec H. A. Lorentz) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pieter Zeeman — Infobox Scientist name = Pieter Zeeman imagesize = 180px caption = Pieter Zeeman birth date = birth date|1865|5|25|mf=y birth place = Zonnemaire, Netherlands death date = death date and age|1943|10|9|1865|5|25 death place = Amsterdam, Netherlands …   Wikipedia

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