(Sanskrit: “sacrifice, offering”), in Hinduism, worship based on rites prescribed in the earliest scriptures of ancient India, the Vedas, in contrast to puja (q.v.), which may include image worship and devotional practices non-Vedic in origin.

      A yajña is always purposeful, even though the aim may be as general as sustaining the natural order of the universe. Correct performance of the ritual and recitation of the necessary mantras, or sacred formulas, is considered essential; and the performer and the objects employed must all be in a high state of purity. Such ritual requirements gave rise to the professional class of priests, the modern Brahmans, who are still required to officiate at all important public yajñas. Many orthodox Hindu householders continue to perform the mahāyajñas, the five daily domestic offerings.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • yajna —    Yajna is from the SANSKRIT root yaj, “to honor a god with oblations.” A yajna is a ritual involving oblations in the Vedic tradition. It may be simply an offering of clarified butter into a fire, or it may involve 17 priests in an elaborate 12 …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Yajna — In Hinduism, Yajna (Devanagari यज्ञ IAST IAST| ; also anglicized as Yagna, Yagya or Yadnya) is a ritual of sacrifice (Monier Williams gives the meanings worship, prayer, praise; offering, oblation, sacrifice ) derived from the practice of Vedic… …   Wikipedia

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  • yajna — noun /ˈjʌdʒɲə/ A ritual of sacrifice to the Devas …   Wiktionary

  • yajñá — यज्ञ …   Indonesian dictionary

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