▪ plant family
      family of aromatic trees and shrubs of the order Magnoliales that contains 4–7 genera and 60–90 species, depending on the authority consulted. All but four species are native to Southeast Asia and Australasia. Members of the family have wood without water-conducting cells; acrid sap; gland-dotted, leathery, smooth-margined leaves; and small, usually bisexual flowers in clusters, with two to six sepals, petals in two or more series, several stamens, and one to several carpels (structure units of the female flower parts).

      Many species have medicinal qualities; the best known is the South American Winter's bark (Drimys winteri), a 15-metre (50-foot) tree. It has peppery, hot-tasting leaves and bark. The bark was formerly used as a preventive against scurvy. Winter's bark has leathery, elliptic-shaped leaves; red-tinged shoots; and jasmine-scented, cream-coloured, 8- to 12-petaled, 2.5-centimetre (1-inch) flowers in clusters. A closely related Central American species with similar medicinal attributes, D. granadensis, is the only North American member of the family.

      Pseudowintera colorata, of New Zealand, has peppery, elliptic, red-blotched leaves on a 10-metre (32-foot) tree. Other genera of the family are Takhtajania and Zygogynum.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Winteraceae — Drimys winteri Systematik Abteilung: Gefäßpflanzen (Tracheophyta) Unterabteilung: Samenpflanzen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Winteraceae — Wintéracées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Winteraceae —   [nach dem englischen Seeoffizier John Wynter, 16. Jahrhundert], den Magnoliengewächsen nahe stehende ursprüngliche Familie der Bedecktsamer mit 60 Arten in fünf Gattungen, besonders in Südamerika, auch in Madagaskar, Australien, Neuguinea und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Winteraceae — Wintéracées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Winteraceae —   Winteráceas Planta …   Wikipedia Español

  • Winteraceae — taxobox name = Winteraceae image caption = Drimys winteri regnum = Plantae unranked divisio = Angiosperms unranked classis = Magnoliids ordo = Canellales familia = Winteraceae familia authority = R.Br. ex Lindley subdivision ranks = Genera… …   Wikipedia

  • Winteraceae — ? Винтеровые Дримис ланцетный (Drimys lanceolata) Научная классификация Царство: Растения Отдел: Покрытосеменные …   Википедия

  • Winteraceae — noun small family of chiefly tropical shrubs and trees of genera Drimys and Pseudowintera; sometimes included in Magnoliaceae • Syn: ↑family Winteraceae, ↑winter s bark family • Hypernyms: ↑magnoliid dicot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Ranales, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • winteraceae — win·ter·a·ce·ae …   English syllables

  • Семейство винтеровые (Winteraceae) —         Это сравнительно небольшое семейство, насчитывающее около 3 родов и около 100 видов. Винтеровые распространены на Малайском архипелаге (кроме Суматры, Явы и Тимора), Новой Гвинее, в Австралии, Новой Зеландии, на островах Фиджи, в Новой… …   Биологическая энциклопедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”