William Of Saint-thierry

William Of Saint-thierry

▪ French philosopher
French  Guillaume De Saint-thierry  
born c. 1085, , Liège, Lower Lorraine
died , probably Sept. 8, 1148

      French monk, theologian, and mystic, leading adversary of early medieval rationalistic philosophy.

      William studied under Anselm of Laon, a supporter of the philosophical theology (later called scholasticism) advanced by St. Anselm of Canterbury. After entering a Benedictine abbey in Reims in 1113, William became thoroughly versed in scriptural and patristic writings. Elected abbot of the Abbey of Saint-Thierry, near Reims, in 1119, he expressed his preference for contemplation and writing rather than ecclesiastical administration, but he remained in office at the urging of his friend Bernard of Clairvaux. During that period William wrote two works fundamental to his theological system, De natura et dignitate amoris (“On the Nature and Dignity of Love”) and De contemplando Deo (“On the Contemplation of God”). De sacramento altaris (“On the Sacrament of the Altar”), a treatise on the Eucharist, he dedicated to Bernard, who earlier had dedicated two of his own works to William.

      From 1128 to 1135 William compiled several treatises and biblical commentaries attempting to synthesize the theology and mysticism of Western and Eastern Christianity, specifically an integration of the thought of St. Augustine, Origen, and Gregory of Nyssa. William's Meditativae orationes (“Meditative Prayers”) expressed spiritual concerns with an intensity comparable to Augustine's in his Confessions. In 1135 he withdrew to the meditative life of the Cistercian Monastery of Signy in the Ardennes, where he addressed questions of the spiritual life and the problem of faith in his Speculum fidei (The Mirror of Faith) and Aenigma fidei (“The Enigma of Faith”), written in 1144. In the same year, after visiting the Charterhouse of Mont-Dieu, near Reims, he composed the Epistola ad fratres de Monte Dei (“Letter to the Brothers of Mont-Dieu”), called the “Golden Epistle” (Eng. trans., 1930), one of the most significant medieval works on the value of the contemplative life.

      Elaborating the essential elements of his doctrine on mysticism, William proposed that the soul, although alienated from God, is also intrinsically empowered to experience a mystical “return” to its divine origin during its earthly existence, a return effected in stages. Thus is man progressively liberated from his material and temporal impediments, eventually undergoing an experiential knowledge of God by a process of reminiscence, understanding, and love.

      The writings of William of Saint-Thierry are contained in the series Patrologia Latina, J.-P. Migne (ed.), vol. 180 (1890). His Speculum fidei was edited in an English version, The Mirror of Faith, by Geoffrey Webb and Adrian Walker in 1959.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William von Saint Thierry — Wilhelm von Saint Thierry, lateinisch Guillelmus de Sancto Theodorico (* um 1075/1080 in Lüttich; † wahrscheinlich 8. September 1148 in Signy), war ein einflussreicher Kirchenschriftsteller. Er war zunächst Benediktinermönch, wurde Abt des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guillaume de Saint-Thierry — Wilhelm von Saint Thierry, lateinisch Guillelmus de Sancto Theodorico (* um 1075/1080 in Lüttich; † wahrscheinlich 8. September 1148 in Signy), war ein einflussreicher Kirchenschriftsteller. Er war zunächst Benediktinermönch, wurde Abt des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm von Saint-Thierry — Wilhelm von Saint Thierry, lateinisch Guillelmus de Sancto Theodorico (* um 1075/1080 in Lüttich; † wahrscheinlich 8. September 1148 in Signy) war ein einflussreicher Kirchenschriftsteller. Er war zunächst Benediktinermönch, wurde Abt des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William — may refer to:*William (name), a masculine given nameRoyaltyBritish*William I of England (1027 1087), a.k.a. William the Conqueror, William the Bastard *William II of England (1056 1100), a.k.a. William Rufus *William I of Scotland (c. 1142 1214) …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Guillaume — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guillaume et Saint Guillaume. Saint Guillaume désigne plusieurs saints des Églises chrétiennes. Le plus célèbre est Guil …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thierry, Count of Flanders — Thierry of Alsace (Dietrich) (c. 1099 – January 17, 1168), in Flanders known as Diederik van den Elzas, was count of Flanders from 1128 to 1168. He was the youngest son of Duke Thierry II of Lorraine and Gertrude of Flanders (daughter of Robert I …   Wikipedia

  • Thierry Bosc — est un acteur français. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Filmographie 3 Théâtre 4 Lien externe Biographie Il découvre l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thierry Beccaro — Thierry Beccaro, né le 19 octobre 1956 en région parisienne, est un comédien de théâtre et présentateur de télévision français, d origine italienne par son grand père et bretonne par sa grand mère[précision nécessaire]. Il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint Seiya (anime) — Saint Seiya (série télévisée d animation) Saint Seiya 聖闘士 星矢 <セイント セイヤ> (Saint Seiya) Anime japonais Réalisateurs Kōzō Morishita (ep. 1 73) Kazuhito Kikuchi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint Seiya (animé) — Saint Seiya (série télévisée d animation) Saint Seiya 聖闘士 星矢 <セイント セイヤ> (Saint Seiya) Anime japonais Réalisateurs Kōzō Morishita (ep. 1 73) Kazuhito Kikuchi …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”