Wigman, Mary

Wigman, Mary

▪ German dancer
original name  Marie Wiegmann  
born Nov. 13, 1886, Hanover, Ger.
died Sept. 18, 1973, West Berlin

      German dancer, a pioneer of the modern (modern dance) expressive dance as developed in central Europe.

      A pupil of Émile Jaques-Dalcroze and Rudolf Laban, she subsequently formulated her own theories of movement, often dancing without music or to percussion only. Although she made her debut as a dancer in 1914, her triumphant career as dancer-innovator-choreographer began after World War I. Her impact on dance throughout central Europe changed the course of dance history. Her pupils, numbering thousands, included Harald Kreutzberg, Yvonne Georgi, Margarethe Wallmann, and Hanya Holm, the latter two exerting major influences on the development of American modern dance. She and her company toured the United States in 1930, and in 1931 a Wigman School was established in New York City under the direction of Holm, which, in 1936, became the Hanya Holm School. Wigman's works include The Seven Dances of Life (1918), Totenmal (1930), the entire opera Orpheus and Eurydice (1947) of Christoph Gluck, other operas, group works, and solos.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Wigman — Wigman,   Mary, eigentlich Marie Wiegmann, Tänzerin und Choreographin, * Hannover 13. 11. 1886, ✝ Berlin 18. 9. 1973; studierte Musik und Tanz bei E. Jaques Dalcroze und R. von Laban und prägte schon bei ihrem ersten Auftreten als Solistin (1919) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Wigman — Dieser Artikel beschäftigt sich mit der deutschen Tänzerin, Choreografin und Tanzpädagogin Karoline Sofie Marie Wiegmann. Für die deutsche Malerin Marie Wiegmann geborene Hancke siehe Marie Wiegmann. Mary Wigman, 1959 (links) mit der Schülerin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Mary Wigman — Mary Wigman, à gauche. Mary Wigman est une danseuse allemande, née Marie Wiegmann à Hanovre le 13 novembre 1886 et morte à Berlin le 18 septembre 1973. Ses parents sont fabricants de vélos et l encourag …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wigman — /vig mahn/, n. Mary, 1886 1973, German dancer and choreographer. * * * …   Universalium

  • Wigman — /vig mahn/, n. Mary, 1886 1973, German dancer and choreographer …   Useful english dictionary

  • ВИГМАН Мари — (Wigman, Mary) (1886 1973), немецкая танцовщица, педагог и хореограф, основоположница европейского экспрессивно пластического танца модерн (Ausdruckstanz). Вигман родилась в Ганновере 13 ноября 1886. Ее первое публичное выступление состоялось в… …   Энциклопедия Кольера

  • dance — dancingly, adv. /dans, dahns/, v., danced, dancing, n. v.i. 1. to move one s feet or body, or both, rhythmically in a pattern of steps, esp. to the accompaniment of music. 2. to leap, skip, etc., as from excitement or emotion; move nimbly or… …   Universalium

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