Weiss, Peter

Weiss, Peter

▪ German writer
in full  Peter Ulrich Weiss 
born Nov. 8, 1916, Nowawes, near Potsdam, Ger.
died May 10, 1982, Stockholm, Swed.

      German dramatist and novelist whose plays achieved widespread success in both Europe and the United States in the 1960s.

      The son of a textile manufacturer who was Jewish by origin but Christian by conversion, Weiss was brought up a Lutheran. In 1934 he and his family were forced into exile by Nazi persecution. He lived in England, Switzerland, and Czechoslovakia before settling, in 1939, in Sweden. He painted and made films (which showed the influence of the Surrealists) and also illustrated a Swedish edition of the Thousand and One Nights. Later he turned to fiction and drama. His early works were in Swedish, but by 1950 he had decided to publish in German. His initial literary influence was the novelist Franz Kafka (Kafka, Franz), whose dreamlike world of subtle menace and frustration impressed Weiss. An important later influence was the American writer Henry Miller (Miller, Henry).

      Weiss's Die Verfolgung und Ermordung Jean Paul Marats, dargestellt durch die Schauspielgruppe des Hospizes zu Charenton unter Anleitung des Herrn de Sade (The Persecution and Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat as Performed by the Inmates of the Asylum of Charenton Under the Direction of the Marquis de Sade, usually referred to as Marat/Sade) pits the ideals of individualism and of revolution against each other in a setting in which madness and reason seem inseparable. The play was first performed in West Berlin in 1964 and received a celebrated staging in New York City in 1965 by Peter Brook, who filmed it in 1967. Die Ermittlung (1965; The Investigation) is a documentary drama re-creating the Frankfurt trials of the men who carried out mass murders at Auschwitz; at the same time, it attacks later German hypocrisy over the existence of concentration camps and investigates the root causes of aggression. Weiss's other plays include documentary dramas attacking Portuguese imperialism in Angola, Gesang vom lusitanischen Popanz (1967; The Song of the Lusitanian Bogey); and American policy in the Vietnam War, Viet Nam Diskurs (1968; Discourse on Viet Nam).

      Weiss wrote three autobiographical novels: Der Schatten des Körpers des Kutschers (1960; “The Shadow of the Body of the Coachman”), Abschied von den Eltern (1961; The Leavetaking), and Fluchtpunkt (1962; Exile). He won a number of literary awards, including the Charles Veillon Prize for Fluchtpunkt in 1963 and the Georg Büchner Prize in 1982. He was also a member of Gruppe 47, an association of German-speaking writers formed after World War II.

Additional Reading
Ian Hilton, Peter Weiss: A Search for Affinities (1970); Otto F. Best, Peter Weiss (1976; originally published in German, 1971); Roger Ellis, Peter Weiss in Exile (1987); Olaf Berwald, An Introduction to the Works of Peter Weiss (2003).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WEISS, PETER — (1916–1982), German playwright and author. A half Jew, Weiss, who was born near Berlin, left Germany in 1934, spending two years in England and two more in Prague, before settling in Sweden in 1939. There he made his career as a painter, film… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Weiss, Peter — (1916 1982)    Playwright. Weiss is best known internationally for Die Verfolgung und Ermordung Jean Paul Marats dargestellt durch die Schauspielgruppe des Hospizes zu Charenton unter Anleitung des Herrn de Sade (The Persecution and Assassination …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Weiss, Peter (Ulrich) — born Nov. 8, 1916, Nowawes, near Potsdam, Ger. died May 10, 1982, Stockholm, Swed. German playwright. After fleeing Germany in 1934, his family settled in Sweden. Weiss painted and made avant garde films in the 1950s, then turned to fiction and… …   Universalium

  • Weiss, Peter — (1916 82)    German playwright. He was born in Berlin. In 1939 he settled in Sweden, where he was active as a painter, film producer and writer. In his play The Investigation he made use of documentation produced at the Frankfurt trial of Nazi… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Weiss, Peter Ulrich — ► (1916 82) Escritor alemán. Es una de las más grandes figuras del teatro contemporáneo, cuya obra maestra, Marat Sade (1964), obtuvo un éxito mundial. Otras obras suyas son Trotski en el exilio (1969), Hölderlin (1971), etc. Ha escrito la novela …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Weiss, Peter (Ulrich) — (8 nov. 1916, Nowawes, cerca de Potsdam, Alemania–10 may. 1982, Estocolmo, Suecia). Dramaturgo alemán. Después de huir de Alemania en 1934, se radicó con su familia en Suecia. En la década de 1950 se dedicó a la pintura y realizó películas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Peter Ulrich Weiss — Peter Weiss während der Verleihung des Bremer Literaturpreises 1982 Peter Ulrich Weiss (* 8. November 1916 in Nowawes bei Potsdam; † 10. Mai 1982 in Stockholm; Pseudonym: Sinclair) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller, Maler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Weiss — während der Verleihung des Bremer Literaturpreises 1982 Peter Ulrich Weiss (* 8. November 1916 in Nowawes bei Potsdam; † 10. Mai 1982 in Stockholm; Pseudonym: Sinclair) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller, Maler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peter Weiss — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Peter Weiss Peter Weiss Nombre real Peter Weiss Nacimiento 8 de noviembre de 1916 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Peter Demetz-Fëur — (* 28. Juni 1913 in St. Ulrich in Gröden; † 1. November 1977 ebenda) war ein Südtirolerer Landschaftsmaler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biographie 2 Werke 3 Ausstellungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”