Wad Madanī

Wad Madanī

▪ The Sudan
      city, east-central Sudan (Sudan, The). Wad Madanī lies on the west bank of the Blue Nile, 85 miles (136 km) southeast of Khartoum, at an elevation of 1,348 feet (411 metres). It owes its recent growth to the irrigated lands of the Jazīrah (Gezira) irrigation scheme and is the commercial centre of the al-Jazīrah cotton-growing area. Peanuts (groundnuts) and wheat are also grown in the area. The University of al-Jazīrah (founded 1975), the Agricultural Research Corporation, and al-Jazīrah Research Corporation Library are located at Wad Madanī. It has good railway and road connections with Khartoum, Kūstī, and al-Qaḍārif and a ferry service on the Blue Nile. A domestic airport is also there. It was a small Egyptian administrative post in the 19th century, and most of its inhabitants (mainly Arabic-speaking) are affiliated to northern Sudanese peoples. Pop. (2000 est.) urban agglom., 276,000.

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Universalium. 2010.

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