Volkmann contracture

Volkmann contracture

      disorder of the wrist and hand in which the hand and fingers become fixed in a characteristic bent position. The disorder may be caused by the pressure of bandages, a tourniquet, or splints after a fracture; it may also be caused by a severe injury in the region of the elbow. If the cause is not removed promptly, the muscles atrophy and are replaced with fibrous connective tissue.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Volkmann contracture — contracture of the fingers and sometimes the wrist after severe injury in or near the elbow or improper use of a tourniquet interferes with the blood supply to the muscles. A similar phenomenon may develop in the lower leg and foot after similar… …   Medical dictionary

  • Volkmann contracture (ischemic paralysis syndrome) etc. — Volk·mann contracture (ischemic paralysis, syndrome), etc. (fōkґmahn) [Richard von Volkmann, German surgeon, 1830–1889] see under contracture, disease, paralysis, and spoon …   Medical dictionary

  • Volkmann's contracture — or Volkmann contracture n ischemic contracture of an extremity and esp. of a hand * * * fibrosis and shortening of muscles due to inadequate blood supply. It is a complication that arises if the blood supply is interrupted by pressure on the… …   Medical dictionary

  • Volkmann's contracture — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 13991 ICD10 = ICD10|T|79|6|t|79 ICD9 = ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 001221 eMedicineSubj = orthoped eMedicineTopic = 578 MeshName = Volkmann+Contracture MeshNumber = C05.651.180 Volkmann s… …   Wikipedia

  • Volkmann — may refer to: *A.W. Volkmann German physiologist *Elisabeth Volkmann German actress *Richard von Volkmann German surgeon *Volkmann s contracture Disease causing stiffness of the hand *Volkmann s canals Microscopic structures in animal bone …   Wikipedia

  • Volkmann's paralysis — n paralysis (as of the muscles of the hand) associated with Volkmann s contracture …   Medical dictionary

  • Contracture — This article refers to orthopedic contractures; for other types of contractures see the See Also section below. Contracture Classification and external resources ICD 10 M24.5, M62.4, M67.1, M72.0, T …   Wikipedia

  • contracture — Static muscle shortening due to tonic spasm or fibrosis, to loss of muscular balance, the antagonists being paralyzed or to a loss of motion of the adjacent joint. [L. contractura, fr. con traho, to draw together] Dupuytren c. a disease of the… …   Medical dictionary

  • contracture — n. fibrosis of skeletal muscle or connective tissue producing shortening and resulting in deformity of a joint. See also: Dupuytren s contracture, Volkmann s contracture …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Volkmann's contracture — fibrosis and shortening of muscles due to inadequate blood supply, which may arise from arterial injuries or compartment syndrome. Sites most commonly involved are the forearm, hand, leg, and foot and the condition may result in clawing of the… …   The new mediacal dictionary

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