Voisin, Gabriel

Voisin, Gabriel

▪ French aviation pioneer
born Feb. 5, 1880, Belleville-sur-Saône, France
died Dec. 25, 1973, Moulin d'Ozenay, near Tournus
 French aviation pioneer and aircraft manufacturer.

      Voisin was one of the most colorful figures in the early history of aviation. Trained as an architect and inspired by the work of the French aviation pioneer Clément Ader (Ader, Clément), he began to pursue an interest in flight as early as 1898. With the assistance of his younger brother Charles, he built and tested a variety of kites (kite), intending to build one large enough to lift a human being.

      Voisin reached a major turning point in 1903 when Ernest Archdeacon, a wealthy lawyer and aeronautical enthusiast, hired him to test-fly a copy of a Wright brothers (Wright, Wilbur and Orville)' glider. The two men founded Wright Company, the first commercial aircraft manufacturer. Their first products were a pair of biplane gliders, one built for Archdeacon and the other for French aviator Louis Blériot (Blériot, Louis), both of which were tested behind towboats on the Seine River. Voisin and Blériot then united to form a new company that produced at least one unsuccessful powered aircraft for Blériot. In addition, Voisin claimed to have been involved in the construction of the Santos-Dumont No. 14-bis, the aircraft in which Alberto Santos-Dumont (Santos-Dumont, Alberto) made the first public flight in Europe (Nov. 12, 1906). Voisin and Blériot went their separate ways before the end of 1906, opening the way for Gabriel and Charles Voisin to establish their own firm.

      The first aircraft produced by the new firm was a failure. The second, purchased by Ferdinand Léon Delagrange, flew for the first time on March 16, 1907, at Bagatelle. On Nov. 9, 1907, a Voisin biplane known as the Voisin-Farman I, owned and operated by the French aeronautical pioneer Henri Farman (Farman, Henri), became the first airplane in the world, other than a Wright brothers' machine, to remain in the air for more than a minute. Farman won the Deutsche-Archdeacon Prize of 50,000 francs on Jan. 13, 1908, for the first officially witnessed circular flight of 1 km (0.6 mile). By midsummer, Voisin aircraft were covering distances up to 14 km (8.7 miles).

      Voisin continued to manufacture aircraft through World War I, amassing a considerable fortune in the process. With the return of peace, he turned his attention to automobile production, the industry in which he would remain involved for the next 30 years.

Tom D. Crouch

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gabriel Voisin — (February 5, 1880 ndash; December 25, 1973) was a French aviation pioneer.He was born at Belleville sur Saône, France, and his brother Charles, two years younger than he, was his best friend. When his father abandoned the family, his mother,… …   Wikipedia

  • Voisin C23 — Voisin Voisin C23 (1931) C23 Hersteller: Avions Voisin Produktionszeitraum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • VOISIN (G. et C.) — VOISIN GABRIEL (1880 1973) & CHARLES (1882 1912) Ingénieur français, Gabriel Voisin (né à Belleville sur Saône et mort à Ozenay, Saône et Loire), exploite à Lyon, avec son frère Charles (né à Lyon et mort dans un accident d’automobile à Corselles …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gabriel Voisin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Voisin (homonymie). Gabriel Voisin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Voisin Frères — Création 1906 Fondateurs Charles et Gabriel Voisin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Voisin III — Infobox Aircraft name = Voisin III type = Biplane manufacturer = Aeroplanes Voisin (Gabriel Voisin) caption = designer = Aeroplanes Voisin (Gabriel Voisin) first flight = 1914 introduced = 1914 retired = before 1918 status = Decommissioned… …   Wikipedia

  • Voisin Hydro Carnard 1 — In diesem Artikel oder Abschnitt fehlen folgende wichtige Informationen: Es fehlen...Angaben zum Verbleib des Flugzeugs, ging es kaputt, verstaubt es in einem Museum oder oder oder ? Du kannst Wikipedia helfen, indem du sie recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Voisin-Farman I — ▪ biplane   Pioneer aircraftaircraft built by the French aeronautical pioneer Gabriel Voisin (Voisin, Gabriel) for the French aviator Henri Farman (Farman, Henri) in 1907. See table (Pioneer aircraft) of pioneer aircraft.       Like the Wright… …   Universalium

  • Gabriel Voisin — (rechts) neben Henry Farman …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Voisin Hydro Canard 1 — Voisin Hydro Canard, Flugversuche auf der Seine am 3. August 1911 Die französische Voisin Hydro Canard war die Marinevariante des Entenflugzeugs Voisin Canard von 1909. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”