town, eastern Malta, one of the Three Cities (the others being Cospicua and Senglea). It is situated on a small peninsula, just south of Valletta across Grand Harbour. One of the most important towns in medieval Malta, in 1530 it became the first residence on the island of the Hospitalers (Hospitallers) (Knights of St. John of Jerusalem). It was strongly fortified and served as the Hospitalers' defense bastion against the Turks in the Great Siege of Malta in 1565. Its name, formerly Birgu, was changed to Vittoriosa to commemorate that victory. It served as the Hospitalers' capital until replaced by Valletta in 1570. The town continued to develop in the 17th century with commercial facilities and shipyards. Although severely damaged in World War II, some of its old fortifications remain, including Fort St. Angelo (870; renovated and extended 1530). The Palace of the Inquisitors and most of the 16th-century auberges (lodges of the Hospitalers) also survive. Pop. (1983 est.) 4,134.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vittoriosa — Wappen Karte Basisdaten Fläche: 0 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vittoriosa — Birgu Birgu, aussi appelée Vittoriosa, est une ville de Malte qui joua un rôle vital lors du siège de l île en 1565. Il s agit d une des localités les plus anciennes et les plus célèbres de la petite nation. La ville fut installé sur le Grand… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vittoriosa — Original name in latin Vittoriosa Name in other language Birgu, Il Birgu, Vittoriosa, Vittorioza, Биргу, Витториоза State code MT Continent/City Europe/Malta longitude 35.89222 latitude 14.51833 altitude 9999 Population 2936 Date 2012 07 04 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Vittoriosa Stars — Voller Name Vittoriosa Stars Football Club Gegründet 1906 Stadion Fortini Ground, Vittoriosa Plätze …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vittoriosa Stars Football Club — Infobox club sportif Vittoriosa Stars FC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vittoriosa Stars F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Vittoriosa Stars fullname = Vittoriosa Stars Football Club nickname = The Reds founded = 1906 ground = Fortini Ground Vittoriosa, capacity = chairman = flagicon|Malta Sandro Chetcuti managers = flagicon|Malta… …   Wikipedia

  • Birgu — Vittoriosa redirects here. For the coaster, see MV Vittoriosa. Il Birgu Il Kunsill Lokali tal Birgu Città Vittoriosa   Local council   Il Birgu …   Wikipedia

  • Birgu — Stadtwappen Geografische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 2008–09 Maltese First Division — Maltese First Division Season 2008–09 Champions Dingli Swallows Promoted Dingli Swallows Vittoriosa Stars Relegated Rabat Ajax Senglea Athletics Goals scored 276 …   Wikipedia

  • 2009–10 Maltese First Division — Maltese First Division Season 2009–10 Champions Marsaxlokk Promoted Marsaxlokk Vittoriosa Stars Relegated St. Patrick San Gwann Goals scored 276 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”