villancico

villancico

▪ Spanish music
      genre of Spanish song, most prevalent in the Renaissance but found also in earlier and later periods. It is a poetic and musical form and was sung with or without accompanying instruments. Originally a folk song, frequently with a devotional song or love poem as text, it developed into an art music genre.

      The villancico consisted of two parts, beginning with the refrain, or estribillo, which alternates with the stanza, or copla. The copla has two parts, the mudanza and the vuelta. The vuelta rhymes with the last line of the mudanza but is sung to the melody of the estribillo. This overlap of poetic and musical form is characteristic of the villancico.

      The villancico repertory of the late 15th–early 16th centuries is found in several cancioneros, or song collections. The pieces were in three or four voice parts, the musical texture being either homophonic (chordal) or contrapuntal. An important composer was Juan del Encina (Encina, Juan del). Around 1500, settings of villancicos as solo songs accompanied by vihuela, a guitar-shaped lute, appeared, some in Portuguese as well as Spanish. Composers included some of the great masters of the vihuela, such as Luis Milán and Miguel de Fuenllana.

      The villancico of the 17th century has a sacred text, often for Christmas. The estribillo, elaborately written in four-part polyphony, alternates with coplas, short, simple, four-line songs with organ accompaniment. Other instruments are frequently included. In the 18th century this form expanded into a dramatic cantata with arias and choruses. In the 20th century the use of the term is restricted to the Spanish Christmas carol.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Villancico — (or Vilancete, in Portuguese) was a common lyric form of the Iberian Peninsula during the Renaissance. The villancicos could also be set to music: many Iberian composers of the 15th and 16th century, like Juan del Encina or Pedro de Escobar… …   Wikipedia

  • Villancico —   [biʎan θiko; spanisch, zu mittellateinisch villanus »ländlich«] der, (s)/ s, eine seit Ende des 15. Jahrhunderts bekannte spanische Liedform mit Refrain. Der Villancico war volkssprachig, mit weltlichem Inhalt und meist drei oder vierstimmig… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • villancico — ● villancico nom masculin (espagnol villancico, chant de Noël) Cantique populaire de Noël chanté en Espagne et en Amérique latine …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Villancico — ist die spanische Bezeichnung für eine bestimmte Art von Gesang. Im alltäglichen Sprachgebrauch bezeichnet der Begriff ein Weihnachtslied. Ursprünglich, im 13. Jahrhundert, handelte es sich jedoch allgemein um Lieder, die zu bestimmten Festen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • villancico — (izg. viljansȉko) m <N mn viljansȉkosi> DEFINICIJA glazb. pov. 1. oblik španjolske svjetovne pjesme 15 16. st. 2. u 18. st. duhovna kompozicija srodna baroknoj kantati ETIMOLOGIJA šp …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • villancico — (De villano). 1. m. Canción popular breve que frecuentemente servía de estribillo. 2. Cierto género de composición poética con estribillo. 3. Canción popular, principalmente de asunto religioso, que se canta en Navidad y otras festividades …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Villancico — Un villancico es una composición musical, y la forma poética asociada, tradicional de España, Latinoamérica y Portugal. Estas piezas fueron populares entre los siglos XV y XVIII. Los villancicos eran originariamente canciones profanas con… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Villancico — (Del ant. villan.) ► sustantivo masculino 1 Canción popular propia de la época navideña, que normalmente trata de temas religiosos. TAMBIÉN villancejo SINÓNIMO [villancete] 2 MÚSICA Canción popular con estribillo. 3 POESÍA Composición poética con …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Villancico — Un Villancico est une composition musicale espagnole proche des noëls français. C est un chant qui est donné à la période de Noël. La tradition des villancicos remonte au XIIIe siècle, bien que ces chants soient à l origine des chansons profanes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • villancico — {{#}}{{LM V39950}}{{〓}} {{[}}villancico{{]}} ‹vi·llan·ci·co› {{《}}▍ s.m.{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} Canción popular, generalmente de asunto religioso, que se canta durante las fiestas navideñas: • Unos niños iban cantando villancicos con sus zambombas y… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

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