Venturi, Robert

Venturi, Robert

▪ American architect
in full  Robert Charles Venturi  
born June 25, 1925, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.

      American architect who proposed alternatives to the functionalist mainstream of 20th-century American architectural design. He became the unofficial dean of the eclectic movement known as postmodernism.

      Venturi studied at the Princeton University School of Architecture in New Jersey (1947–50). After further study at the American Academy in Rome (1954–56), he worked as a designer in the architectural firms of Oscar Stonorov (Philadelphia), Eero Saarinen (Saarinen, Eero) (Bloomfield Hills, Mich.), and Louis I. Kahn (Kahn, Louis I.) (Philadelphia). After holding partnerships in several firms, he opened a longer-lasting architectural firm with John Rauch in 1964. Venturi's wife, Denise Scott Brown, became a partner in the firm in 1967. From 1957 to 1965 Venturi was a member of the faculty at the University of Pennsylvania School of Architecture in Philadelphia.

      Venturi's own architectural philosophy, set forth in the influential book Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture (1966), called for an eclectic approach to design and an openness to the multiple influences of historical tradition, ordinary commercial architecture, and Pop art. He championed the ambiguity and paradox, the “messy vitality” of the great architecture of the past over the simple, unadorned, cleanly functional buildings of the International Style. Venturi's manifesto had a profound impact on younger architects who were beginning to find similar constraints and limitations in the Modernist (Modernism) architectural aesthetic.

      In Learning from Las Vegas (1972), Venturi and coauthors Denise Scott Brown and Steven Izenour took this critique several steps further and analyzed with wry appreciation the neon-lit urban sprawl and the automobile-oriented commercial architecture of Las Vegas. They questioned the Modernists' rejection of the use of applied ornament and decoration and ended the book with a discussion of their own work. In the second volume of the Supercrit series, which is based on live debates, Venturi and Brown revisited the work (2007).

      Venturi's buildings frequently exhibit the ironic humour of his theoretical pronouncements. His early buildings incorporated materials and visual references standard to the shopping centre and subdivision but previously shunned by so-called serious architects. During the late 1970s and '80s he turned to historical precedent in his work, which often makes studied allusions to building styles of the past. Formal and stylistic elements are combined with a willful inconsistency that can seem playful, quirky, or even bizarre. Among Venturi's more important commissions were various buildings for Yale University, Princeton University, and Ohio State University. He designed several museums, notably the Seattle Art Museum (1985), the Sainsbury Wing (1986) of the National Gallery in London, and the Museum of Contemporary Art in San Diego (1996). In 1991 Venturi won the Pritzker Architecture Prize.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • VENTURI, Robert — (1925 )    Although Robert Venturi has sought to reject architectural labels throughout his career, he, together with his wife, Denise Scott Brown, is nonetheless considered the founder of the Post Modern architectural style. This style is the… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Venturi,Robert Charles — Ven·tur·i (vĕn to͝orʹē), Robert Charles. Born 1925. American architect who led the postmodern reaction to functionalism. His eclectic, sometimes humorous designs often incorporate historical references. * * * …   Universalium

  • Venturi, Robert — (geb. 1925); Architekt (u. a. Guild House) und Architekturtheoretiker (Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture, 1966, und Learning from Las Vegas, 1972) …   Erläuterung wichtiger Begriffe des Bauwesens

  • Venturi, Robert (Charles) — born June 25, 1925, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. U.S. architect. He studied at Princeton University and in Rome at the American Academy. After working with Eero Saarinen and Louis Kahn, he formed a partnership with his wife, Denise Scott Brown, and… …   Universalium

  • Venturi, Robert (Charles) — (n. 25 jun. 1925, Filadelfia, Pa., EE.UU.). Arquitecto estadounidense. Estudió en la Universidad de Princeton y en la Academia americana en Roma. Luego de trabajar con Eero Saarinen y Louis Kahn, formó una sociedad con su esposa, Denise Scott… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Venturi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Venturi Información personal Nombre Robert Venturi Nacimiento 25 de junio de 1925 , 84 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Robert Charles Venturi — noun United States architect (born in 1925) • Syn: ↑Venturi, ↑Robert Venturi • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Robert Venturi — noun United States architect (born in 1925) • Syn: ↑Venturi, ↑Robert Charles Venturi • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Robert — (as used in expressions) Adam, Robert Aldrich, Robert Altman, Robert (B.) Ashe, Arthur (Robert), Jr. Baden Powell (de Gilwell), Robert Stephenson Smyth, 1 barón Bakewell, Robert Baldwin, Robert Ballard Robert D(uane) Bly, Robert (Elwood) Borden,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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