Vanvitelli, Luigi

Vanvitelli, Luigi

▪ Italian architect

born May 26, 1700, Naples, Spanish Habsburg domain [Italy]
died March 1, 1773, Caserta, near Naples
 Italian architect whose enormous Royal Palace at Caserta (1752–74) was one of the last triumphs of the Italian Baroque.

      Vanvitelli was trained by Niccolò Salvi and worked with him on lengthening the facade of Gian Lorenzo Bernini's Palazzo Chigi (1664–1745, Rome). He completed several other buildings, including the Chiesa del Gésu (1743–45), before he began work on the Royal Palace. The palace, commissioned by the Spanish king of Naples as the summer residence of the Bourbons of Spain, was modelled after the imperial architecture of the palace of Versailles. The quadrilateral building at Caserta, enclosing four courtyards, has 1,200 rooms, a huge chapel, and a theatre. In addition to its celebrated staircase, which is the largest in Italy, the palace offers many magnificent vistas.

      Vanvitelli also built the Lazzaretto and Arco Clementino for Pope Clement XII in Ancona; the Chiesa dell'Annunciata (1756/61–1782) in Naples, and the monastery of S. Agostino. He rebuilt Michelangelo's S. Maria degli Angeli in Rome and contributed to other works in Milan, Siena, Pesaro, Macerato, Perugia, Loreto, and elsewhere. Besides designing secular buildings, he built the aqueduct Carolino (1752–64), 25 miles long, which supplies Naples with water.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vanvitelli, Luigi — ► (1700 73) Pintor y arquitecto neoclásico italiano. Construyó el puerto de Ancona y el Palacio Real de Caserta …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vanvitelli — Vanvitelli, Luigi …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vanvitelli — Luigi van Wittel, genannt Vanvitelli, (* 12. Mai 1700 in Neapel; † 1. März 1773[1] in Caserta) war ein italienischer Architekt. Vanvitelli entstammte einer Künstlerfamilie aus Amersfoort in den Niederlanden. Der ursprüngliche Familienname van… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • VANVITELLI (L.) — VANVITELLI LUIGI (1700 1773) Fils de Gaspard van Wittel, peintre hollandais fixé en Italie (d’où l’italianisation de leur nom), Luigi Vanvitelli se destine d’abord à la peinture. On connaît de lui des fresques dans l’abside de l’église du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Luigi Vanvitelli — (May 12, 1700, Naples ndash; March 1 1773, Caserta) was an Italian engineer and architect. The most prominent eighteenth century architect of Italy, he practiced a sober classicizing academic Late Baroque style that made an easy transition to… …   Wikipedia

  • Luigi Vanvitelli — Luigi Vanvitelli, arquitecto oficial del papa Clemente XII y posteriormente del Rey Carlos VII de Nápoles, para el que construyó su obra maestra: el Palacio Real de Caserta. Luigi Vanvitelli (Nápoles, 12 de mayo de 1700 Caserta, 1 de marzo de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Luigi Vanvitelli — Lodewijk van Wittel ou Luigi Vanvitelli (né le 12 mai 1700 à Naples et mort le 1er mars 1773 à Caserte) est un peintre et un architecte baroqu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Luigi Vanvitelli — Porträt Luigi Vanvitellis von Giacinto Diano im Königspalast von Caserta Luigi Vanvitelli (* 12. Mai 1700 in Neapel; † 1. März 1773[1] in Caserta) war ein italienischer Architekt. Vanvitelli entstammte eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vanvitelli — Both father and son are often tagged with the name Vanvitelli:* Caspar van Wittel, painter of Baroque vedute * Luigi Vanvitelli, his son, noted Rococo architect of Rome and Naples …   Wikipedia

  • Vanvitelli — Vanvitẹlli   [v ],    1) Gaspare, niederländischer Maler, Vater von 2), Wittel, Gaspar Adriaensz. van.    2) Luigi, italienischer Baumeister, * Neapel 12. 5. 1700, ✝ Caserta 1. 3. 1773; in Rom als Schüler seines Vaters G. A. van Wittel zuerst… …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”