United Steelworkers

United Steelworkers

▪ American labour union
in full  United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union 

      American labour union representing workers in metallurgical (metallurgy) industries as well as in healthcare and other service industries. The union grew out of an agreement reached in 1936 between the newly formed Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO; later the Congress of Industrial Organizations (American Federation of Labor–Congress of Industrial Organizations)) and the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers, an older union that had failed in earlier attempts to organize American steelworkers. Operating within the CIO, the newly formed union was called the Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC).

      Under the leadership of Philip Murray (Murray, Philip), the SWOC quickly developed into a strong organization, and in 1937 the giant United States Steel Corporation recognized the union as a bargaining agent. A group of independent steel firms, known as “little steel,” held out against the union until 1941, when, under pressure from the federal government, they too recognized it.

      In 1942 the SWOC was officially transformed into the United Steelworkers of America (USWA). Murray served as president until his death in 1952. The USWA absorbed the Aluminum Workers of America in 1944, reached a total of more than one million members by the mid-1950s, and achieved industry-wide bargaining power in steelmaking. It also won unprecedented benefits for its members in the decades after World War II. Starting in the mid-1970s, however, the USWA's membership and bargaining power declined as the American steel industry faced competition from lower-priced steel manufactured in other parts of the world.

      In 1986 high domestic production costs and decreased demand caused the major American steel companies to suspend their 30-year practice of bargaining jointly with the USWA—an approach called coordinated bargaining. In a fast-changing market, it was no longer possible for steel companies to operate collectively (collective bargaining) in negotiating long-term labour agreements. Instead, each steel company began to bargain separately with the union. The result was a period of difficult negotiations with USX Corporation (former parent company of United States Steel) that led to a lockout and the longest work stoppage in the history of USX (July 1986–January 1987).

      In April 2005 the USWA merged with the Industrial, Chemical and Energy Workers International Union (PACE). The new union represented workers in the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • United Steelworkers — (Métallurgistes unis) connu aussi au Québec sous le nom de Syndicat des métallos est une organisation syndicale américaine avec des ramifications internationales. Au Québec, les métallos sont affiliés à la Fédération des travailleurs du Québec.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • United Steelworkers — Infobox Union name= USW country= United States, Canada affiliation= AFL CIO, CLC members= 1.2 million (2006) full name= United Steelworkers native name= founded= May 22, 1942 current= head= dissolved date= dissolved state= merged into= office=… …   Wikipedia

  • United Steelworkers — Logo der USW Die United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union (United Steelworkers oder USW) ist mit 722.000 aktiven Mitgliedern eine der größten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United Steelworkers of America v. Weber — (1979) A U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that the 1964 Civil Rights Act provisions for affirmative action programs to encourage minority hiring for jobs in which the minorities were previously underrepresented were constitutional …   Law dictionary

  • United Steelworkers v. Weber — SCOTUSCase Litigants=United Steelworkers v. Weber ArgueDate=March 28 ArgueYear=1979 DecideDate=June 27 DecideYear=1979 FullName=United Steelworkers of America, AFL CIO CLC v. Weber et al. Citation=93 S. Ct. 705; 35 L. Ed. 2d 147; 1973 U.S. LEXIS… …   Wikipedia

  • United Steelworkers of America (USWA) — U.S. union of steel, aluminum, and other metallurgical workers. It grew out of the Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC), established jointly in 1936 by the Committee for Industrial Organization (see AFL–CIO) and the Amalgamated Association… …   Universalium

  • United Steelworkers of America (USWA) — Sindicato estadounidense que agrupa a los trabajadores de la industria del acero, del aluminio y metalúrgica. Tuvo su origen en el Comité organizador de los trabajadores del acero, creado en 1936 por el Comité de organización industrial (ver AFL… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • United Steelworkers of America — ➡ USWA * * * …   Universalium

  • United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America — Infobox Union name= UE country= United States affiliation= Independent, ICEM, PSI members= 35,000 full name= United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America native name= founded= 1936 current= head= dissolved date= dissolved state= merged …   Wikipedia

  • United States Steel — Die United States Steel Corporation, allgemein unter der Abkürzung US Steel bekannt, ist ein integrierter Stahlproduzent mit wichtigen Standorten in den USA und Zentraleuropa. Sein juristischer Sitz ist New York City, sein wichtigster Standort… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”