▪ Indian poet

born 1608, Dehu, near Pune, India
died 1649

      Marathi poet who is often considered to be the greatest writer in the language. His abhaṅgas, or “unbroken” hymns, are among the most famous Indian poems.

      The son of a shopkeeper, Tukārām was orphaned in childhood. Failing in business and family life, he renounced the world and became an itinerant ascetic. It is believed that he threw himself into a river and drowned. Tukārām is thought to have written over 4,000 abhaṅgas, most of which were addressed to the god Viṭhoba of Pandharpur. An edition of his poems translated into English by J. Nelson Fraser and K.B. Marathe was published in 1909–15 and reprinted in 1981.

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Universalium. 2010.

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