Third Department

Third Department

▪ Russian political office
Russian  Tretye Otdeleniye,  also called  Third Section Of His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancery In Russia,  

      office created by Emperor Nicholas I (July 15 [July 3, old style], 1826) to conduct secret police operations. Designed by Count A.Kh. Benckendorff (Benckendorff, Aleksandr Khristoforovich, Count), who was also its first chief administrator (1826–44), the department was responsible for political security.

      It conducted surveillances and gathered information on political dissidents, religious schismatics, and foreigners. It banished suspected political criminals to remote regions and operated prisons for “state criminals.” It was also responsible for prosecuting counterfeiters of money and official documents and for conducting censorship. It functioned in conjunction with the Corps of Gendarmes (formed in 1836), a well-organized military force that operated throughout the empire, and with a network of anonymous spies and informers.

      Originally intended to protect the common people of Russia from the exploitation and corrupt practices of the dominant classes, it became a particularly repressive institution. In the 1870s it was responsible for the arrest of many Narodniki (Populists), who had gone into the countryside to improve conditions and agitate politically among the peasantry; it became a major target for revolutionary terrorists, who assassinated its head, Gen. N.V. Mezentsev, in 1878.

      The department was abolished in 1880 by Gen. M.T. Loris-Melikov (Loris-Melikov, Mikhail Tariyelovich, Graf), who was appointed by Alexander II to assume many executive responsibilities and to undermine the revolutionary movement by instigating a series of moderate reforms. The department's functions were transferred to the department of the police of the Ministry of Interior.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Third Section of His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancellery — The Third Section of His Imperial Majesty s Own Chancellery (Russian: Tretiye Otdeleniye , or III отделение собственной Е.И.В канцелярии, sometimes translated as Third Department) was a secret department set up in Imperial Russia, inherited from… …   Wikipedia

  • third — thirdly, adv. /therrd/, adj. 1. next after the second; being the ordinal number for three. 2. being one of three equal parts. 3. Auto. of, pertaining to, or operating at the gear transmission ratio at which the drive shaft speed is greater than… …   Universalium

  • department — departmental /di pahrt men tl, dee pahrt /, adj. departmentally, adv. /di pahrt meuhnt/, n. 1. a distinct part of anything arranged in divisions; a division of a complex whole or organized system. 2. one of the principal branches of a… …   Universalium

  • Third Section — or Third Department Office created in 1826 by Tsar Nicholas I to conduct secret police operations. Designed and headed (1826–44) by Count Aleksandr Benckendorff (1783–1844), it gathered information on political dissidents and banished suspected… …   Universalium

  • third-class — adj. of the third level, of the third department …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign — Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Newmark Civil Engineering Laboratory …   Wikipedia

  • Department of Conservation (New Zealand) — Department of Conservation Te Papa Atawhai Conserving the natural and historic heritage of New Zealand Agency overview Jurisdicti …   Wikipedia

  • Third Culture Kids — (abbreviated TCKs or 3CKs ) (aka. Global Nomad ) refers to someone who [as a child] has spent a significant period of time in one or more culture(s) other than his or her own, thus integrating elements of those cultures and their own birth… …   Wikipedia

  • Department of the Army Outstanding Civilian Service Award — Outstanding Civilian Service Award medal Awarded by …   Wikipedia

  • Department of Kansas — Active 1861, 1862, 1864 Country United States of America Branch United States Army Engagements American Civil War …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”