Terzaghi, Karl

Terzaghi, Karl

▪ American engineer
born Oct. 2, 1883, Prague
died Oct. 25, 1963, Winchester, Mass., U.S.

      civil engineer who founded the branch of civil engineering science known as soil mechanics, the study of the properties of soil under stresses and under the action of flowing water.

      He studied mechanical engineering at the Technical University in Graz, graduating in 1904, then worked as an engineer for several years; he was awarded a doctorate in engineering by the same institution in 1911. After visiting the United States, he served in the Austrian Air Force during World War I, but in 1916 he accepted a position with the Imperial School of Engineers, Istanbul. When the war was over, he took a post (1918–25) with Robert College, a U.S. institution, also in Istanbul. Much research had been done on foundations, earth pressure, and stability of slopes, but Terzaghi set out to organize the results and, through research, to provide unifying concepts. The results were published in his most noted work, Erdbaumechanik (1925; Introduction to Soil Mechanics, 1943–44).

      In 1925 he went to the United States, where—as a member of the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge—he worked unceasingly for the acceptance of his ideas, serving also as consulting engineer for many construction projects.

      In 1929 he accepted the newly created chair of soil mechanics at Vienna Technical University. He returned to the United States in 1938 and served as professor of civil engineering at Harvard University from 1946 until his retirement in 1956. His consulting practice grew to encompass the world, including the chairmanship of the Board of Consultants of Egypt's Aswān High Dam project until 1959.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Karl von Terzaghi — im Alter von 43 Jahren Karl von Terzaghi (Karl Anton Terzaghi Edler von Pontenuovo)[1] (* 2. Oktober 1883 in Prag; † 25. Oktober 1963 in Winchester (Massachusetts)) gilt als der Begründer der modernen, wissenschaftlichen B …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Terzaghi — Karl von Terzaghi im Alter von 43 Jahren Karl von Terzaghi (Karl Anton Terzaghi Edler von Pontenuovo)[1] (* 2. Oktober 1883 in Prag; † 25. Oktober 1963 in Winchester (Massachusetts)) gilt als der Begründer der modernen, wissenschaftlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl von Terzaghi — Karl von Terzaghi, né le 2 octobre 1883 à Prague et mort le 25 octobre 1963 à Winchester, est un ingénieur civil et géologue autrichien, considéré comme le « père » de la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Karl von Terzaghi — Infobox Person name = Karl von Terzaghi image size = 220px caption = Karl Terzaghi at age 43 birth date = October 2, 1883 birth place = Prague, Czech Republic death date = October 25, 1963 death place = Winchester, Massachusetts, United States of …   Wikipedia

  • Terzaghi's Principle — Karl von Terzaghi s Principle, also known as Terzaghi s theory of one dimensional consolidation, states that all quantifiable changes in stress to a soil [compression, deformation, shear resistance] are a direct result of a change in effective… …   Wikipedia

  • Karl von Terzaghi — a la edad de 43 años. Karl von Terzaghi, (*Praga, 2 de octubre de 1883 † Winchester, Massachusetts (Estados Unidos), 25 de octubre de 1963). Ingeniero reconocido como el padre de la mecánica de suelos y de la inge …   Wikipedia Español

  • Terzaghi Dam — Terzaghi Dam, located about 100 km NE of the resort of Whistler, British Columbia in western Canada, is the key diversion dam in the Bridge River Power Project. It forms the project s largest reservoir, Carpenter Lake west of Lillooet. Originally …   Wikipedia

  • Terzaghi —   [tɛr tsaːgi], Karl Anton, amerikanischer Bauingenieur österreichischer Herkunft, * Prag 2. 10. 1883, ✝ Cambridge (Massachusetts) 25. 10. 1963; war Professor u. a. in Istanbul, Wien und an der Harvard University. Terzaghi war weltweit als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Karl — hace referencia a: Abreviatura científica del botánico János Karl (1842 1882). Karl, nombre original de Carlos Personajes con el nombre de Karl: Karl Böhm, director de orquesta austriaco. Karl Carlson, personaje ficticio de Los Simpsons. Karl… …   Wikipedia Español

  • TERZAGHI — CZECH REPUBLIC AND SLOVAKIA (see also List of Individuals) 2.10.1883 Prague/CR 25.10.1963 Winchester MA/USA Karl Terzaghi graduated from the Graz Technical University as a mechanical engineer in 1906, after having also attended lectures in civil… …   Hydraulicians in Europe 1800-2000

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