Ten Kingdoms

Ten Kingdoms

▪ Chinese history
Chinese (Pinyin)  Shiguo , or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Shi-kuo 

      (907–960), period in Chinese history when southern China was ruled by nine small independent kingdoms, with one more small kingdom in the far north. It corresponded generally with the Five Dynasties period, or rule, in the north; and, like the northern period, it was a time of unrest and political confusion. In neither case, however, were the economic condition and cultural level of the society seriously disrupted.

      The Ten Kingdoms were mostly situated in the valley of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) and farther south. They were the Wu (902–937), the Nan (Southern) Tang (937–975/976), the Nan Ping (924–963), the Chu (927–951), the Qian (Former) Shu (907–925) and Hou (Later) Shu (934–965), the Min (909–945), the Nan Han (917–971), and the Wu-Yue (907–978), the latter near the Yangtze delta; the one northern state was the Bei (Northern) Han (951–979). Some of these regimes were relatively stable, but none was powerful enough to unify the south. The cultural legacy of the Tang dynasty found fertile ground in these southern parts. Religious thought moved toward a synthesis of Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism. The southern landscape gave new vitality to the ancient traditions of poetry. The flourishing courts of the south gave great impetus to pottery in the region, and a fine celadon was produced in the kingdom of Wu-Yue. One king of the Nan Tang was a noted poet.

      The Ten Kingdoms were also marked by their relative economic prosperity. Intensive farming techniques using irrigation and selective crops contributed bountiful harvests to a flourishing economy. Technological advances in the production of iron and growing regional and overseas trade further stimulated commercial activity.

      The Ten Kingdoms period is generally given as the nearly six decades between the demise of the Tang in 907 and the founding of the Song dynasty in 960. Over the next two decades the Song absorbed the southern kingdoms back into a unified China under its domination. However, throughout this transition period, southeastern China retained its cultural excellence and economic vitality.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period — Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (zh tsp|t=五代十國|s=五代十国|p=Wǔdài Shíguó, 907 960) was an era of political upheaval in China, beginning in the Tang Dynasty and ending in the Song Dynasty. During this period, five dynasties quickly succeeded one… …   Wikipedia

  • Min (Ten Kingdoms) — Min 閩 ← …   Wikipedia

  • Chu (Ten Kingdoms) — Chu 楚 ← 907–951 …   Wikipedia

  • Yin (Ten Kingdoms) — The Yin (殷) was a short lived kingdom during China’s Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period which lasted from 907 to 960 and bridged the time between the fall of the Tang Dynasty and the foundation of the Song Dynasty.Rebellion from MinThe Min… …   Wikipedia

  • Wu (Ten Kingdoms) — End of the KingdomXu Zhigao had been adopted by Xu Wen on Yang Xingmi s insistence and soon proved himself an able man. He came to power in Wu after his stepfather s death in 927 and continued to rule the state as governor of Jinling for some… …   Wikipedia

  • Yan (Ten Kingdoms) — This article is about the Yan Kingdom of the early tenth century. For other uses, please see Yan (disambiguation) Yan was a very short lived kingdom in the vicinity of present day Beijing at the beginning of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms… …   Wikipedia

  • Ten Lost Tribes — The phrase Ten Lost Tribes of Israel refers to the ancient Tribes of Israel that disappeared from the Biblical account after the Kingdom of Israel was destroyed, enslaved and exiled by ancient Assyria. [… …   Wikipedia

  • Ten city-kingdoms of Cyprus — The phrase ten city kingdoms of ancient Cyprus usually refers to the ten Greek, Graeco Phoenician or Graeco Eteocypriot city states listed in an inscription of the Assyrian king Esarhaddon in 673/2 BC.These are, followed by their name in Greek:… …   Wikipedia

  • Ten Attendants — The Ten Attendants (also known as the Ten Eunuchs) (Traditional Chinese: 十常侍, pinyin: shí chángshì) were a group of eunuchs from the Eunuch Faction of the Han Imperial Court in China. Due to their position of power owed to their proximity to the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of The Twelve Kingdoms characters — This is a list of characters in the novel series The Twelve Kingdoms by Fuyumi Ono and its anime adaption.Kingdom of KeiYoko Nakajima, to become the ruler of Kei. However, she was an ineffective ruler and fell in love with Keiki; her jealousy… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”