Taylor, Brook

Taylor, Brook

▪ British mathematician
born August 18, 1685, Edmonton, Middlesex, England
died December 29, 1731, London
 British mathematician, a proponent of Newtonian mechanics and noted for his contributions to the development of calculus.

      Taylor was born into a prosperous and educated family who encouraged the development of his musical and artistic talents, both of which found mathematical expression in his later life. He was tutored at home before he entered St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1701 to study law. He completed his LL.B. in 1709 and his doctorate in 1714, but it is doubtful that he ever practiced as a lawyer.

      Taylor's first important mathematical paper, which provided a solution to the problem of the centre of oscillation of a body, was published in 1714, although he had actually written it by 1708. His delay in publishing led to a priority dispute with the noted Swiss mathematician Johann Bernoulli (Bernoulli, Johann). Taylor's famous investigation of the vibrating string, a topic that played a large role in clarifying what mathematicians meant by a function, was also published in 1714.

      Taylor's Methodus Incrementorum Directa et Inversa (1715; “Direct and Indirect Methods of Incrementation”) added to higher mathematics a new branch now called the calculus of finite differences. Using this new development, Taylor studied a number of special problems, including the vibrating string, the determination of the centres of oscillation and percussion, and the path of a light ray refracted in the atmosphere. The Methodus also contained the celebrated formula known as Taylor's theorem, which Taylor had first stated in 1712 and the full significance of which began to be recognized only in 1772 when the French mathematician Joseph-Louis Lagrange (Lagrange, Joseph-Louis, comte de l'Empire) proclaimed it the basic principle of differential calculus.

      A gifted artist, Taylor set forth in Linear Perspective (1715) the basic principles of perspective. This work and his New Principles of Linear Perspective (1719) contained the first general treatment of the principle of vanishing points. Taylor was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1712 and in the same year sat on the committee for adjudicating Sir Isaac Newton (Newton, Sir Isaac)'s and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm)'s conflicting claims of priority in the invention of calculus.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Taylor , Brook — (1685–1731) British mathematician Born in Edmonton, near London, Taylor studied at Cambridge University, and was secretary to the Royal Society during the period 1714–18. He made important contributions to the development of the differential… …   Scientists

  • Taylor, Brook — ► (1685 1731) Matemático inglés. Es considerado el inventor del cálculo de diferencias finitas y del famoso teorema que lleva su nombre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brook Taylor — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Brook Taylor Brook Taylor (Edmonton, 18 de agosto de 1685 Somerset House, Londres, 29 de diciembre de 1731) fue un matemático británico. Hijo de John Taylor, d …   Wikipedia Español

  • Brook Taylor — (* 18. August 1685 in Edmonton, Middlesex; † 29. Dezember 1731 in Somerset House, London) war britischer Mathematiker. Nach ihm wurde u.a. die Taylorreihe benannt. Leben und Wirken Taylor stud …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Taylor — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Nombre 2 Apellido 2.1 Autores de nombres científicos 3 Desambiguaciones de nombre y apellido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Taylor — Taylor, Brook Taylor, Elisabeth Taylor, Frederich Winslow Taylor, Robert Taylor, teorema de * * * (as used in expressions) Coleridge, Samuel Taylor Farnsworth, Philo T(aylor) Ricketts, Howard T(aylor) Taylor, Dame Elizabeth (Rosemond) Taylor,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • TAYLOR (B.) — TAYLOR BROOK (1685 1731) Mathématicien anglais, né à Edmonton et mort à Londres, célèbre pour ses contributions au développement du calcul infinitésimal. Taylor fit ses études au collège Saint John, à Cambridge, et étudia les mathématiques sous… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Brook Taylor — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Taylor. Brook Taylor Sir Brook Taylor Naissance 18 août  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Taylor series — Series expansion redirects here. For other notions of the term, see series (mathematics). As the degree of the Taylor polynomia …   Wikipedia

  • Taylor-Entwicklung — In der Analysis verwendet man Taylorreihen (auch Taylor Entwicklungen oder Taylor Näherung), um Funktionen in der Umgebung bestimmter Punkte durch Potenzreihen darzustellen. So kann ein komplizierter analytischer Ausdruck durch eine nach wenigen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”