Tate galleries

Tate galleries

 art museums in the United Kingdom that house the national collection of British art from the 16th century and the national collection of modern art. There are four branches: the Tate Britain and Tate Modern in London, the Tate Liverpool, and the Tate St. Ives in Cornwall.

 The Tate Britain, located on the Millbank in the borough of Westminster, resulted from the benefaction of sugar tycoon Sir Henry Tate (1819–99), who gave both the building and his art collection to the nation. The Neoclassical building was designed by Sidney Smith and was opened to the public in 1897; it has received six extensions, the last of which, the Clore Gallery, opened in 1987 to house the world's finest collection of works by the British painter J.M.W. Turner (Turner, J.M.W.). Originally called the Tate Gallery, the museum changed its name to Tate Britain in 2000, when it began displaying only British art. The collection commences with Elizabethan and Jacobean examples. The 18th and 19th centuries are exceptionally well represented, including works by Reynolds (Reynolds, Sir Joshua), Gainsborough (Gainsborough, Thomas), Hogarth (Hogarth, William), Stubbs (Stubbs, George), Constable (Constable, John), Blake (Blake, William), and the Pre-Raphaelites (Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood).

      The gallery's extensive collection of modern and contemporary works by international artists was moved to the Tate Modern, which opened in 2000. Located on the Bankside (an area along the south bank of the River Thames), the Tate Modern is a refurbished power station designed by Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron. Instead of being arranged by school or chronology, the museum's art holdings are displayed according to subject matter, and all significant movements are accounted for: Cubism, Futurism, Abstract Expressionism, Dada, Surrealism, and Pop art. There are notable works by Picasso (Picasso, Pablo), Piet Mondrian, Thomas Struth, and Mark Rothko (Rothko, Mark).

      The Tate Liverpool was opened in 1988. Located in a converted warehouse in Albert Dock, it has undergone several renovations, which resulted in its closure in 1997–98. The Tate Liverpool houses British and contemporary art in a wide range of media, from paintings and sculptures to video, installation, and performance pieces. The Tate St. Ives is located in an area that became an artist colony following World War II. Opened in 1993, it overlooks a beach and includes the nearby Barbara Hepworth Museum and Sculpture Garden. The Tate St. Ives collection centres on contemporary art.

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  • Tate Galleries — /ˌteɪt ˈgæləriz/ (say .tayt galuhreez) plural noun two art galleries in London, England; the original gallery, opened in 1897, specialised in British painting from the 16th century and in modern art; from 2000 divided into Tate Britain on the… …  

  • Tate Gallery — Tate Gal|lery the Tate Gallery also the Tate the former name for the ↑Tate Britain. There are also two smaller Tate Galleries outside London, one in Liverpool, and one in St Ives in southwest England …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Tate — This article is about the UK art galleries. For other uses, see Tate (disambiguation). The logo of Tate, used in several similar versions and colours The Tate is an institution that houses the United Kingdom s national collection of British Art,… …   Wikipedia

  • Tate Collection — a large collection of British and international art that is divided between the four Tate galleries. Two of these galleries are in London: Tate Britain and Tate Modern, which opened in 2000. Tate Liverpool opened in 1988 and Tate St. Ives in… …   Universalium

  • Tate (surname) — Tate is a surname, and may refer to* Allen Tate, American poet * Brent Tate, Australian rugby league player * Catherine Tate, British comedian * Carla Tate, the female lead character from the movie The Other Sister * Cebe Tate, American farmer *… …   Wikipedia

  • Tate (disambiguation) — Tate has several meanings. It can refer to:Gallery* Tate, a series of art galleries in the UK.Places*Tate, Georgia, a town in the United States *Tate County, Mississippi, a county in the United StatesPeople*Tate Buti, a Namibian… …   Wikipedia

  • Tate Britain — Coordinates: 51°29′27″N 0°07′38″W / 51.490833°N 0.127222°W / 51.490833; 0.127222 …   Wikipedia

  • Tate Modern — infobox London museum name= Tate Modern established= 2000 location= Bankside, London SE1, England visitors= 5,235,000 (06/07) [From the Tate Report 2006/2007. [http://www.tate.org.uk/about/tatereport/2007/audience/attendancefigures.htm Attendence …   Wikipedia

  • (the) Tate Collection — the Tate Collection [the Tate Collection] a large collection of British and international art that is divided between the four Tate galleries. Two of these galleries are in London: ↑Tate Britain and ↑Tate Modern, which opened in 2000. Tate… …   Useful english dictionary

  • art galleries and art museums — In Britain, works of art are displayed in art galleries and, especially outside London, in museums. Shops that sell paintings are also called galleries. In the US public art collections are displayed in art museums, and a gallery is a place where …   Universalium

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