Tartini, Giuseppe

Tartini, Giuseppe

▪ Italian musician
born April 8, 1692, Pirano, Istria, Republic of Venice [now Piran, Slovenia]
died February 26, 1770, Padua, Republic of Venice

      Italian violinist (violin), composer, and theorist who helped establish the modern style of violin bowing and formulated principles of musical ornamentation and harmony.

      Tartini studied divinity and law at Padua and at the same time established a reputation as a fencer. Before the age of 20 he secretly married a protégée of the archbishop of Padua, resulting eventually in his arrest. Disguised as a monk, he fled from Padua and took refuge in a monastery at Assisi. There his violin playing attracted attention and ultimately influenced the archbishop to allow Tartini to return to his wife in Padua. In 1716 he went to Venice, later to Ancona, and eventually back to Padua, where he was appointed principal violinist at the Church of San Antonio in 1721. He directed the orchestra of the chancellor of Bohemia in Prague (1723–26), then returned once again to Padua, where he founded (1728) a school of violin playing and composition. He made a concert tour of Italy in 1740.

      Tartini's playing was said to be remarkable for its combination of technical and poetic qualities, and his bowing became a model for later schools of violinists. His compositions include more than 100 violin concertos; numerous sonatas, including the Trillo del Diavolo (Devil's Trill), written after 1735; quartets; trios; symphonies; and religious works, including a five-part Miserere and a four-part Salve Regina.

      Tartini contributed to the science of acoustics by his discovery of the difference tone, also called the Tartini tone, a third note heard when two notes are played steadily and with intensity. He also devised a theory of harmony based on affinities with algebra and geometry, set forth in his Trattato di musica (1754; “Treatise on Music”) and expanded into Dissertazione dei principi dell'armonia musicale (1767; “Dissertation on the Principles of Musical Harmony”). His theoretical works also include Traité des agréments de la musique (1771; “Treatise on Ornamentation in Music”).

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tartini, Giuseppe — • Provides biography and background on his becoming a musician against his parents wishes. Includes noted works and evaluation of his technical and theoretical brilliance Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Tartini,Giuseppe — Tar·ti·ni (tär tēʹnē), Giuseppe. 1692 1770. Italian violinist and composer who is best known for improving the design of the violin bow, establishing a violin school in Padua (1728), and writing an innovative study on tone and harmony (1754). * * …   Universalium

  • Tartini, Giuseppe — ► (1692 1770) Violinista, teórico musical y compositor italiano. Autor de la sonata El trino del diablo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • TARTINI, GIUSEPPE —    a famous Italian violinist and composer, born at Pirano, in Istria; got into trouble over his clandestine marriage with the niece of the archbishop of Padua, and fled for sanctuary to a monastery at Assisi; subsequently reunited to his wife… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Tartini — Tartini, Giuseppe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tartini — Giuseppe Tartini Giuseppe Alessandro Ferruccio Tartini (* 8. April 1692 in Pirano bei Triest; † 26. Februar 1770 in Padua) war ein italienischer Violinist und Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Giuseppe Tartini — Giuseppe Alessandro Ferruccio Tartini (* 8. April 1692 in Pirano bei Triest; † 26. Februar 1770 in Padua) war ein italienischer Violinist und Komponist. Inhaltsverze …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuseppe Tartini — Giuseppe Tartini. Giuseppe Tartini (8 de abril de 1692 – 26 de febrero de 1770) fue un compositor y violinista italiano del Barroco. Biografía Tartini nació en Piran, una ciudad en la península de Istria, en la Rep …   Wikipedia Español

  • Giuseppe Tartini — Portrait Naissance 8 avril 1692 Pirano, Italie (aujourd’hui Piran …   Wikipédia en Français

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