Sudd, Al-

Sudd, Al-

swamp, The Sudan
      swampy lowland region of south-central Sudan (Sudan, The), 200 miles (320 km) wide by 250 miles (400 km) long. It is drained by headstreams of the White Nile, namely the Al-Jabal (Mountain Nile (Baḥr al-Jabal)) River in the centre and the Al-Ghazāl River in the west. The Al-Jabal River overflows in the flat, saucerlike clay plain of the Sudd to form innumerable swamps, lagoons and side channels, and several lakes along its course. The river's flow is further slowed in the swamps by the luxuriant growth of tall papyrus (Arabic al-sudd, “the papyrus”), aquatic grass, and water hyacinth.

      The Al-Jabal River loses more than half its water in the Sudd through evaporation. The Sudd presents an almost impenetrable barrier to navigation on the river and is only sparsely inhabited by the pastoral Nilotic Nuer people. In the early 1980s construction began on the Jonglei (Junqalī) Canal, which was planned to bypass the Sudd and provide a straight, well-defined channel for the Al-Jabal River to flow northward until its junction with the White Nile. But the project, which would have drained the swamplands of the Sudd for agricultural use, was suspended in 1984 because of disruptions arising from the civil war in southern Sudan.

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  • Sudd — Swamp from space, May 1993. This photograph was taken during the driest time of year summer rains generally extend from July through September. The Sudd (Arabic سد, sad, barrier ), also known as the Bahr al Jabal, As Sudd or Al Sudd, is a vast… …   Wikipedia

  • Sudd — (s[u^]d), n. [Ar. sadd barrier.] A tangled mass of floating vegetal matter obstructing navigation. [Central Africa] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sudd — er et stort og næsten uigennemtrængeligt sumpområde i Sudan. Sumpområdet var den største forhindring, da Nilen blev udforsket …   Danske encyklopædi

  • sudd — [sud] n. [Ar] floating masses of weeds, reeds, etc. that often obstruct navigation on the White Nile …   English World dictionary

  • Sudd — Satellitenbild vom Sudd während der Dürrezeit (Mai 1993). Der Sudd, vom arabischen Sadd / ‏سد‎ /‚Barriere; auch: Staudamm‘, ist ein vom Nil erschaffenes Sumpf und Überschwemmungsgebiet im Südsudan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sudd — Marais du Sudd Le marais du Sudd vue de l espace durant la saison sèche, mai 1993 Le marais du Sudd (de l arabe Sadd, « barrière »), situé dans le sud du Soudan, est un vaste marécage formé par le Nil Blanc. La région de Sudd est l une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sudd — Pradera inundada del Sahara Ecozona: Afrotropical Bioma: Pradera inundada Extensión: 179.700 km2 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sudd — Sụdd   [arabisch »Hindernis«, »Verschluss«] der, ausgedehntes Überflutungsgebiet des Nil im Süden der Republik Sudan, gebildet beim Austritt des Bergnil aus dem Bergland der Asandeschwelle in eine weite Alluvialebene, wo der langsamer fließende… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • sudd — I s ( et, sudd) suddgummi II s ( et) suddighet, nattsudd nattliv, festande III s ( en, ar) tuss …   Clue 9 Svensk Ordbok

  • sudd — noun Etymology: Arabic, literally, obstruction Date: 1874 floating vegetable matter that forms obstructive masses especially in the upper White Nile …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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