Steinway, Henry Engelhard

Steinway, Henry Engelhard

▪ American piano maker
original name  Heinrich Engelhardt Steinweg 
born Feb. 15, 1797, Wolfshagen, Braunschweig
died Feb. 7, 1871, New York, N.Y., U.S.

      German-born American piano builder and founder of a leading piano manufacturing firm, Steinway and Sons, which remained under family ownership until 1972.

 Steinway fought in the Battle of Waterloo (1815) and in 1835 opened a piano business in the duchy of Brunswick; his oldest extant piano is dated 1836. In 1849 he migrated to New York with three sons; he opened his American shop in 1853 and won prizes for numerous innovations. Important among these were the overstrung scale, a design in which the bass strings cross over the higher ones, permitting longer bass strings and improved tone; and an improved cast-iron frame that bore the tension of the strings without twisting as wooden frames tend to do. Steinway's iron frame and overstrung scale were exhibited in a square piano in 1855; his first grand piano was produced in 1856 and the first upright model in 1862.

      Henry's son Theodore joined the firm in 1865. The company opened a branch in London in 1875 and in Hamburg in 1880. Both branches and the New York company followed the custom of other piano manufacturers in maintaining small concert halls. The Steinways' further improvements in piano design included methods for improving the action, or key mechanism; redesigning the iron frame and case to allow increased string tension; and strengthening the soundboard.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Steinway,Henry Engelhard — Stein·way (stīnʹwā ), Henry Engelhard. 1797 1871. German born American piano maker who founded the Steinway & Sons piano company in New York City (1853). * * * …   Universalium

  • Henry Engelhard Steinway — noun United States piano maker (born in Germany) who founded a famous piano manufacturing firm in New York (1797 1871) • Syn: ↑Steinway, ↑Henry Steinway, ↑Heinrich Engelhard Steinway • Instance Hypernyms: ↑piano maker …   Useful english dictionary

  • Steinway — (Henry Engelhard [originellement Heinrich Engelhardt Steinweg ]) (1797 1871) facteur de pianos allemand. Il ouvrit à New York la maison Steinway and Sons (1853) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Henry Steinway — noun United States piano maker (born in Germany) who founded a famous piano manufacturing firm in New York (1797 1871) • Syn: ↑Steinway, ↑Henry Engelhard Steinway, ↑Heinrich Engelhard Steinway • Instance Hypernyms: ↑piano maker …   Useful english dictionary

  • Steinway — noun United States piano maker (born in Germany) who founded a famous piano manufacturing firm in New York (1797 1871) • Syn: ↑Henry Steinway, ↑Henry Engelhard Steinway, ↑Heinrich Engelhard Steinway • Instance Hypernyms: ↑piano maker …   Useful english dictionary

  • Steinway & Sons — Steinway redirects here. For other uses, see Steinway (disambiguation). Steinway Sons Type Private (subsidiary of Steinway Musical Instruments)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Steinway & Sons — Rechtsform Aktiengesellschaft Gründung 5. März 1853 Sitz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry E. Steinway — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Steinway (homonymie). Henry E. Steinway (Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg) (né le 15 février 1797, mort le 7 février 1871) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Steinway & Sons — Steinway Musical Instruments, Inc. Тип корпорация …   Википедия

  • Steinway \x26 Sons — Steinway Sons Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Piano Steinway D 274 (Hamburgo) Steinway Sons es una compañía de construcción de pianos fundada en 1853 en Nueva York por el inmigrante alemán Heinrich Henry Engelhard Steinway (Steinway es la… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”