Spencer, Sir Baldwin

Spencer, Sir Baldwin

▪ British anthropologist
in full  Sir Walter Baldwin Spencer 
born June 23, 1860, Stretford, Lancashire, Eng.
died July 14, 1929, Tierra del Fuego, Chile

      English biologist and anthropologist, the first trained and experienced scientist to enter the field of Australian anthropology.

      After briefly studying art, Spencer went to Owens College and in 1881 to Exeter College, Oxford, receiving his B.A. with first-class honours in natural science in 1884. He became a professor of biology at the University of Melbourne in 1887.

      Spencer's interest in anthropology blossomed in 1894, when he joined the Horn Scientific Expedition to explore central Australia and met Francis James Gillen (Gillen, Francis James), who had been independently pursuing studies of the Aborigines. In 1896 Spencer and Gillen began the study that resulted in the publication of The Native Tribes of Central Australia (1899). Getting to know the Aborigines intimately and winning their trust, the two men accumulated an immense amount of information about Aboriginal customs, rituals, and beliefs. In 1904 they published The Northern Tribes of Central Australia, which drew on their travels around the Gulf of Carpentaria and conveyed a living picture of seminomadic, food-gathering and hunting people engaged in everyday economic and social activities and rituals. Spencer believed that Aboriginal social organization illustrated an early stage in the development of humankind.

      In 1900 Spencer became a fellow of the Royal Society and was knighted in 1916. He also wrote The Arunta: A Study of a Stone Age People (1927), in which he renewed and confirmed his earlier views, and Wanderings in Wild Australia (1928), a popular account of his experiences. He died while on an expedition to Tierra del Fuego to study the last peoples of Ushuaia.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SPENCER, Sir Walter Baldwin (1860-1929) — biologist and anthropologist the second son of Reuben Spencer and his wife, originally a Miss Circuit, was born at Stretford, Lancashire, on 23 June 1860. His father who had come from Derbyshire in his youth obtained a position with Rylands and… …   Dictionary of Australian Biography

  • Spencer (surname) — Spencer (also Spenser) is a British surname. Its earliest occurrence is traced to Leicestershire.It derives from Middle English spenser butler, steward , from Old French despencier larder , ultimately from Middle Latin dispensa .The surname first …   Wikipedia

  • Sir William Carey — Para otros usos de este término, véase William carey. William Carey Nombre real William Carey Otros títulos Sir William Carey Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Spencer Compton — Spencer Compton, 1. Earl of Wilmington Spencer Compton, 1. Earl of Wilmington (* um 1673 in Compton Wynyates, Warwickshire; † 2. Juli 1743 in London) war ein britischer Staatsmann der Whig Partei und Premierminister. Biogra …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spencer Compton, 1. Earl of Wilmington — (* um 1674[1] in Compton Wynyates, Warwickshire; † 2. Juli 1743 in London) war ein britischer Staatsmann der Whig Partei und Premierminister …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sir Winston Churchill — Winston Churchill Le très honorable Sir Winston Churchill Premier ministre du Royaume Uni …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill — Winston Churchill Amtszeiten: 1. 10. Mai 1940 – 27. Juli 1945 2. 26. Oktober 1951 – 7. April 1955 Vorgänger: 1. Arthur Neville Chamberlain 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sir Winston Churchill — Winston Churchill Amtszeiten: 1. 10. Mai 1940 – 27. Juli 1945 2. 26. Oktober 1951 – 7. April 1955 Vorgänger: 1. Arthur Neville Chamberlain 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sir Anthony Eden — Anthony Eden Robert Anthony Eden KG, 1. Earl of Avon (* 12. Juni 1897 in Windlestone; † 14. Januar 1977 in Salisbury, Wiltshire) war ein britischer Politiker (Conservative Party). Während des Zweiten Weltkriegs war er britischer Außenminister …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spencer — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le nom Spencer est dérivé du mot anglais dispenser (fournisseur). Il servait à l origine à désigner une personne fournissant des provisions. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”