Soupault, Philippe

Soupault, Philippe

▪ French writer
born Aug. 2, 1897, Chaville, France
died March 11, 1990, Paris

      French poet and novelist who was instrumental in founding the Surrealist movement.

      Soupault's earliest verse collection, Aquarium (1917), was published with the help of Guillaume Apollinaire, who introduced Soupault to André Breton (Breton, André). In 1919 Soupault, Breton, and Louis Aragon cofounded the review Littérature. Originally drawn to the antirationalism of the Dada movement, Soupault soon rejected its nihilism, and he and Breton experimented with other revolutionary techniques. One result of their experimentation was the “automatic writing” of the jointly authored Les Champs magnétiques (1920; The Magnetic Fields), known as the first major Surrealist work. Soupault soon abandoned automatic writing to produce carefully crafted verses such as those in Westwego (1922) and Georgia (1926). As the Surrealist movement became increasingly dogmatic and political, Soupault grew dissatisfied with it and eventually broke with it and Breton.

      After the mid-1920s Soupault devoted himself primarily to writing novels and essays and to journalism. His novels centre on the concepts of freedom and revolt. Les Frères Durandeau (1924; “The Durandeau Brothers”) is a scathing portrait of the middle class. Le Nègre (1927; “The Negro”) traces a black man's pursuit of liberty. Les Moribonds (1934; “The Dying”) is a semiautobiographical description of a youth's flight from his bourgeois family. Le Temps des assassins (1945; Age of Assassins), a memoir, details Soupault's six-month imprisonment by the Vichy government in Tunis, Tunisia, where he worked as a journalist and as director of Radio Tunis. A second autobiography, Mémoires de l'oubli (“Memoirs of Oblivion”), was published in 1981. Soupault also wrote a number of biographies, plays, and critical essays. He was awarded the Grand Prix de Poésie of the French Academy in 1972.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Soupault, Philippe — (1897 1990)    writer    Born in Chaville, Philippe Soupault was active in the dadaist movement (1918 20) before becoming involved in surrealism alongside andré breton and louis aragon. He participated in its most controversial aspects as well as …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Soupault, Philippe — ► (1897 1990) Escritor y poeta francés surrealista. Obras: Los campos magnéticos (1921), Odas (1946) y Baudelaire (1931) (ensayo), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Soupault — Soupault, Philippe …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Soupault — Philippe Soupault Pour les articles homonymes, voir Soupault (homonymie). Philippe Soupault est un poète français, né à Chaville le 2 août 1897, décédé à Paris le 12 mars 1990. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SOUPAULT (P.) — SOUPAULT PHILIPPE (1897 1990) Poète, romancier fantaisiste, mémorialiste à trente ans, cofondateur de la revue Littérature , essayiste et traducteur, Philippe Soupault fut le plus violent des dadaïstes et le plus moderne des écrivains d’avant… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Soupault — (Philippe) (1897 1990) écrivain français; dada, puis surréaliste (les Champs magnétiques, en collab. avec A. Breton, 1920) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Philippe Soupault — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Soupault (homonymie). Philippe Soupault Philippe Soupault en Tunisie, 1940. Activités poète, écrivain, journaliste Naissance 2 août …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Philippe Soupault — (* 2. August 1897 in Chaville (Seine at Oise) bei Paris; † 12. März 1990 in Paris) war ein französischer Dichter und Schriftsteller. Er war verheiratet mit der Fotografin Ré Soupault. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biographie 1.1 Dadaismus und Surrealismus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Philippe Soupault — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Philippe Soupault (Chaville, Francia; 2 de agosto de 1897 París; 12 de marzo de 1990) fue un escritor y político francés, uno de los impulsores del dadaísmo en Francia e iniciador del surrealismo. Tras el surgimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Soupault — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Philippe Soupault (1897–1990), französischer Schriftsteller, Mann von Ré Soupault Ré Soupault (1901–1996), französische Fotografin, Frau von Philippe Soupault Diese Seite ist eine Begriffs …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”