▪ Indian ruler
original name  Mīrzā Muḥammad  
born c. 1729
died July 2/3, 1757

      ruler, or nawab, of Bengal, India, under the nominal suzerainty of the Mughal emperor. His reign marked the entry of Great Britain into India's internal affairs. The nawab's attack on Calcutta resulted in the “Black Hole” incident, in which a number of English captives suffocated in a jail cell (see Black Hole of Calcutta).

      Sirāj-ud-Dawlah became nawab of Bengal on the death of his granduncle, ʿAlī Vardī Khān, in 1756. Faced with opposition to his succession from other family members, he was also troubled by the fortification of Calcutta, undertaken without his permission by the British East India Company, which supported his primary opponent, Rajballabh. Although Sirāj-ud-Dawlah succeeded in removing threats from rival claimants, the British governor of Calcutta continued to defy his requests to cease fortifying the city.

      Convinced that the British would not comply, Sirāj-ud-Dawlah marched on the city, taking the English post at Cossimbāzār along the way. Shortly after he arrived, on June 16, 1756, the governor, the majority of his staff, and a number of British inhabitants fled Fort William for the safety of English ships in the harbour. After putting up a weak resistance, the fort surrendered on June 20, and on that night there occurred the “Black Hole” incident.

      Calcutta was retaken by Robert Clive (Clive, Robert, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey) and Admiral Charles Watson on Jan. 2, 1757. The British reinforced their position of power by plotting with Mīr Jaʿfar, Sirāj-ud-Dawlah's general, to overthrow the nawab. After alienating the Hindu bankers and his army, Sirāj-ud-Dawlah fell victim to their treachery at Plassey, where on June 23, 1757, Clive, with an army of 3,000, defeated the nawab and his army of 50,000. He fled to Murshidābād but was captured and executed.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sirāj-ud-Dawlah — biographical name circa 1732 1757 nabob of Bengal (1756 57) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • Clive, Robert, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey — ▪ British colonial administrator Introduction born , Sept. 29, 1725, Styche, Shropshire, Eng. died Nov. 22, 1774, London  soldier and first British (British Empire) administrator of Bengal, who was one of the creators of British power in India.… …   Universalium

  • Batalla de Plassey — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Batalla de Plassey Parte de Guerra de los siete años …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alinagar, Treaty of — ▪ Great Britain India [1757]       (Feb. 9, 1757), pact concluded in India by the British agent Robert Clive (Clive, Robert, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey) after his recovery of Calcutta on Jan. 2, 1757, from the nawab of Bengal, Sirāj ud Dawlah.… …   Universalium

  • Robert Clive — Encuentro de Robert Clive, con Mir Jafar después de la batalla de Plassey , por Francis Hayman. Robert Clive ( 29 de septiembre de 1725 22 de noviembre de 1774 ) militar británico. Ya en las postrimerías del siglo XVIII, Robert Clive fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Black Hole of Calcutta — the name later given to the tiny room in Calcutta, India, in which 146 British prisoners, including one woman, were put by the Indian leader who captured them on 20 June 1756. The next morning only 22 men and the woman were still alive, though… …   Universalium

  • Plassey — /plah see, plas ee/, n. a village in NE India, about 80 miles (128 km) north of Calcutta: Clive s victory over a Bengal army here (1757) led to the establishment of British power in India. * * * ▪ India also called  Palashi        historic… …   Universalium

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • Murshidabad — ▪ India       town, central West Bengal state, northeastern India. The town, lying just east of the Bhagirathi River, is an agricultural trade and silk weaving centre. Originally called Makhsudabad, it was reputedly founded by the Mughal emperor… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”