- Sindhia Family
▪ Indian rulersMarāthā ruling family of Gwalior, which for a time in the 18th century dominated the politics of northern India. The dynasty was founded by Ranoji Sindhia, who in 1726 was put in charge of the Mālwa district by the peshwa (chief minister of the Marāthā state). At his death in 1750, Ranoji had established his capital at Ujjain; only later was the Sindhia capital moved to the rock-fortress of Gwalior.Probably the greatest of Ranoji's successors was Sindhia Mahādāji (reigned 1761–94), who created a North Indian empire virtually independent of the peshwa. He emerged from war with the British East India Company (1775–82) as the recognized ruler of northwest India. With the aid of French officers he defeated the rajputs, took the Mughal emperor Shāh ʿAlām under his protection, and finally won control of the peshwa by defeating the Marāthā Holkar, the peshwa's chief general, in 1793. His grandnephew, Daulat Rāo, however, suffered serious reverses. He came into conflict with the British in 1803. After being defeated in four battles by General Gerard Lake, he was obliged to disband his French-trained army and sign a treaty; he gave up control of Delhi but retained Rājputāna until 1817. The Sindhia became clients of the British in 1818 and survived as a princely house until 1947.
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