English  Sicels , Greek  Sikeloi 

      ancient Sicilian tribe that occupied the eastern part of Sicily. Old tales related that the Siculi once lived in central Italy but were driven out and finally crossed to Sicily, leaving remnants behind—e.g., at Locri. They are hard to identify archaeologically, although some words of their Indo-European language are known. Phases of the Italic Apennine culture have been identified on the Eolie (Aeolian) Islands off the northeast coast of Sicily and in northeastern Sicily, which may indicate emigration from Italy during the late Bronze Age. The Siculi lived in independent towns; thus, they were easily displaced by the Greek colonists who migrated to Sicily, and they did not react en masse until the 450s BC under Ducetius. Their most important gods were the Palici, protectors of agriculture and sailors; Adranus, perhaps the father of the Palici; and the goddess Hybla, or Hyblaea. See also Sicani.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Sicŭli — Sicŭli, 1) (a. Geogr.), s.u. Sicilien (Gesch.) S. 4; 2) (n. Geogr.), so v.w. Szekler …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • siculi — sic·u·li …   English syllables

  • siculi — …   Useful english dictionary

  • СИКУЛЫ —    • Sicŭli,          см. Sicilia, Сицилия …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Sicilien [3] — Sicilien (Gesch.). Die Alten hielten die Insel S. für ein durch eine Erdrevolution von Italien abgerissenes Stück Land; Andere glaubten, sie sei durch das Feuer des Ätna aus dem Meere hervorgehoben worden. Die Mythe versetzte hierher, in den Ätna …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sicels — The Sicels (Latin: Siculi ; Greek: Σικελοί ) were one of the three main tribes who, before the arrival of Greek colonists, inhabited Sicily, according to the traditional ethnic division of Thucydides (vi:2). The Sicels have given Sicily the name… …   Wikipedia

  • ancient Italic people — ▪ people Introduction       any of the peoples diverse in origin, language, traditions, stage of development, and territorial extension who inhabited pre Roman Italy, a region heavily influenced by neighbouring Greece (ancient Greek civilization) …   Universalium

  • Ducetius — ▪ Sicilian leader died c. 440 BC       a Hellenized leader of the Siculi, an ancient people of Sicily, who for a short time welded the native communities of east Sicily into a powerful federation. He seized his opportunity during the confusion… …   Universalium

  • Sicily — • The largest island in the Mediterranean Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sicily     Sicily     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

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