city, south-central Guangdong sheng (province), southeastern China. It lies along the coast of the South China Sea and immediately north of Hong Kong.

      In 1979 Shenzhen was a small border city of some 30,000 inhabitants that served as a customs stop into mainland China from Hong Kong. That year, it was declared a special economic zone—i.e., one of several cities along the coast of China that were opened to foreign investment, technology, and managerial expertise through the establishment of foreign-owned, joint-venture, and other business enterprises without the prior approval of the central government. The fledgling city also received sizable loans from Chinese banks, which were used to build new roads, housing, schools, and water, power, and communications facilities for its burgeoning population.

      From 1980 the city grew at a phenomenal rate, as a tremendous amount of both domestic and foreign capital was invested there. Wages and standards of living in the special economic zone were significantly higher than the average in China, and vast numbers of workers and professionals flooded into it to work in factories that produced electronics, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, textiles, building materials, and processed foods. This phenomenal growth in the special economic zone likewise stimulated the surrounding agricultural area's production of poultry, livestock, and vegetables.

      The rapid growth rate in the region became known in China as “Shenzhen speed,” and the success of the project prompted the Chinese government to convert several other coastal cities into special economic zones and to encourage modernization in different fields. Shenzhen became an experimental zone for Chinese economic reform and liberalization. Such measures as the reestablishment of stock markets were initiated in Shenzhen and later adopted elsewhere in China in order to smooth the transition to the new policies.

      Railways from Shenzhen stretch northwest to Guangzhou (Canton) (Canton), north to Beijing, and east to Fujian (Fukien) province. Expressways also connect the city with Guangzhou as well as other coastal cities in the province. A major international airport and large seaport container terminals have been built on the city's outskirts. Shenzhen has also founded its own universities and colleges, including Shenzhen University (1983). In addition, some major Chinese higher-education institutions, notably Peking University and Tsinghua (Qinghua) University, have established branch campuses in the city. Pop. (2002 est.) city, 1,120,394; (2007 est.) urban agglom., 7,581,000.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shenzhen — 深圳 Shenzhen bei Nacht, mit Shun Hing Square im Hintergrund Basisdaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shenzhen — (chino: 深圳, pinyin: Shēnzhèn) es una ciudad de la provincia de Guangdong, en la zona sur de la República Popular China, en la frontera con Hong Kong. Ocupa un área de 2.020 Km² y su población aproximada es de 7.000.000 de habitantes lo que la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Shenzhen —   [ʃɛndʒən], Shumchun [ʃumtʃun], Stadt und Verwaltungsbezirk 2 036 km2, offiziell 0,94 Mio. Einwohner, geschätzt 2 Mio. Einwohner (einschließlich ländliche Migranten) in der Provinz Guangdong, Südchina, an der Grenze zu Hongkong, an der Dapeng… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Shenzhen — Infobox Settlement name = City of Shenzhen official name = other name = native name = 深圳市 nickname = settlement type = Sub provincial city motto = imagesize = 250px image caption = Shenzhen reflection showing Shun Hing Square in center flag size …   Wikipedia

  • Shenzhen — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Shenzhen (homonymie). Shēnzhèn · 深圳 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shenzhen — Ciudad subprovincial 深圳市 Shenzhen …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shenzhen — 1 Original name in latin Shenzhen Name in other language Shen ch uan, Shen ch uan shih, Shen chen, Shen ch’an, Shen ch’an shih, Shenzhen, Shenzhen Zhen, shen zhen, shen zhen zhen State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai longitude 29.41591… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Shenzhen — noun /ˈʃenˈdʒen/ A sub provincial city in the south east of China, the third largest city, in the province of Guangdong. In 1979 Shenzhen was a small border city of some 30,000 inhabitants that served as a customs stop into mainland China from… …   Wiktionary

  • Shenzhen — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Shenzhen Country and Admin Code CN.30.1795563 CN …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Shenzhen (China) — Hotels: 999 Royal Suites & Towers Hotel Shenzhen (City Centre: Downtown) Airland Hotel Shenzhen (Dameisha) Bauhinia Hotel Shenzhen (City) Beilingju Hotel Shenzhen (City) …   International hotels

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”