Scott, Sir George Gilbert
- Scott, Sir George Gilbert
▪ British architect
born July 13, 1811, Gawcott, Buckinghamshire, Eng.
died March 27, 1878, London
English architect, one of the most successful and prolific exponents of the Gothic Revival
style during the Victorian period.
Scott was apprenticed to a London architect and designed the first of his many churches in 1838; but his real artistic education dates from his study of A.W.N. Pugin (Pugin, A.W.N.
)'s works on medieval architecture. The first result of this study was his design for the Martyrs' Memorial (1841) at Oxford. Scott won the competition for the Nikolai Church (1845–63) in Hamburg, Germany, with a design in 14th-century German Gothic. This commission launched his career and earned him an international reputation. Among his best-known works are the Albert Memorial
(1863–72) and the Midland Grand Hotel (built c.
1872; later called St. Pancras Hotel) attached to St. Pancras Station, both in London. Scott's significance rests partly on the sheer number of important buildings with which he was associated. Among the approximately 850 structures that he designed, restored, or otherwise influenced are almost 500 churches, 39 cathedrals and minsters, and many buildings for colleges and universities. Because he was the organizer and director of the largest English architectural firm of the period, Scott's own individual designs are difficult to determine.
The restoration (art conservation and restoration
) of long-neglected medieval cathedrals and abbeys, which was one aspect of the Gothic Revival, was a controversial issue even in the 19th century; and Scott's restoration of such famous monuments as Ely, Salisbury, and Lichfield cathedrals, as well as Westminster Abbey
, has been regarded with mixed feelings by subsequent generations. Scott was knighted in 1872.
Scott communicated his love of medieval architecture in his lively and opinionated writings. These include Remarks on Secular and Domestic Architecture, Present and Future (1857, 2nd ed. 1858), and Gleanings from Westminster Abbey (1861, 2nd ed. 1863). George Gilbert Scott, Jr., published his father's Personal and Professional Recollections (1879), which has been reissued in facsimile with previously omitted material and a critical introduction by Gavin Stamp (1995).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
SCOTT, SIR GEORGE GILBERT — English architect, born in Buckinghamshire, son of Scott the commentator; was the builder or restorer of buildings both in England and on the Continent after the Gothic, and wrote several works on architecture … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Scott, Sir Giles Gilbert — ▪ British architect born Nov. 9, 1880, London, Eng. died Feb. 8, 1960, London English architect who designed numerous public buildings in the eclectic style of simplified historical modes often termed 20th century traditionalism. Like his… … Universalium
George Gilbert Scott — Sir George Gilbert Scott (13 July 1811 ndash; 27 March, 1878) was an English architect of the Victorian Age, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches, cathedrals and workhouses.Born in Gawcott, Buckinghamshire,… … Wikipedia
George Gilbert Scott, Jr. — George Gilbert Scott, Jr. (1839 ndash; 1897) was an English architect. He was the son of Sir George Gilbert Scott, brother of John Oldrid Scott and father of Sir Giles Gilbert Scott and Adrian Gilbert Scott, all also architects.Among the… … Wikipedia
George Gilbert Scott — Das … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sir George Scott — can refer to several people:*George Gilbert Scott architect *James George Scott journalist and colonial Burmese administrator … Wikipedia
Scott — Scott, Sir George Gilbert, engl. Architekt, geb. 1811 zu Gawcott, gest. 28. März 1878 in London; baute und restaurierte mehrere Kirchen in England, baute in Hamburg die Nikolaikirche und das neue Rathaus (1851) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Scott — Scott, 1) Sir Walter, berühmter schott. Dichter, geb. 15. Aug. 1771 in Edinburg als der Sohn eines Advokaten, gest. 21. Sept. 1832 in Abbotsford, verlebte, weil schwächlicher Konstitution, seine Jugend auf dem Landgut seines Großvaters bei Kelso … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
George Edmund Street — (20 June 1824 ndash; 18 December 1881) was an English architect, born at Woodford in Essex. He was the third son of Thomas Street, solicitor, by his second wife, Mary Anne Millington. George went to school at Mitcham in about 1830, and later to… … Wikipedia
Scott — /skot/, n. 1. Barbara Ann, born 1928, Canadian figure skater. 2. Dred /dred/, 1795? 1858, a black slave whose suit for freedom (1857) was denied by the U.S. Supreme Court (Dred Scott Decision) on the grounds that a slave was not a citizen and… … Universalium