Schikaneder, Emanuel

Schikaneder, Emanuel

▪ Bavarian playwright
pseudonym of  Johann Joseph Schikaneder 
born September 1, 1751, Straubing, Bavaria [Germany]
died September 21, 1812, Vienna [Austria]

      prominent German actor, singer, playwright, and theatre manager now chiefly remembered as the librettist of Mozart's opera Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute).

      Schikaneder began his career as an actor with a small traveling company performing the improvised farce and song then popular, but by age 22 he had written and starred in his first operetta. Five years later he was the manager of his own company. His repertoire included plays by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, J.W. von Goethe, and Pedro Calderón. His Shakespearean roles, especially, were widely admired, and he was particularly notable as Hamlet. The company also performed farces and Singspiele (operettas), and Schikaneder's growing interest in the musical theatre led in 1780 to his acquaintance with the Mozart family.

      By 1784 the Schikaneder company had received the favourable notice of the emperor, Joseph II, and had settled in Vienna. There Schikaneder turned his attention to opera, commissioning from contemporary composers the musical scores to fit his own libretti. His libretto for The Magic Flute, set to music by his friend Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus), and his superb performance in the role of Papageno at the premiere in 1791 raised him to the peak of his popularity. His productions grew increasingly sumptuous, and by the time he opened the Theater an der Wien (1801), built especially for him, the costs were becoming ruinous. Schikaneder retained management of the theatre for less than four years, a period marked by an abortive attempt at collaboration on an opera with Ludwig van Beethoven (Beethoven, Ludwig van). Schikaneder left Vienna to manage theatres in Brno and Pest, but he eventually returned to the Austrian capital, where he died impoverished and insane.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schikaneder, Emanuel — Schikaneder, Emanuel, der Erbauer des Theaters an der Wien in Wien, früher Schauspieler und Theaterunternehmer in Prag und dann in Wien an dem leopoldstädter Theater, wurde 1751 zu Regensburg geb., und starb in sehr mißlichen Vermögensumständen… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Emanuel Schikaneder — Emanuel Schikaneder. Schikaneder als Papageno. Titelblatt der Erstausgabe des Librettos …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emanuel Schikaneder — Nom de naissance Johann Joseph Schikaneder Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schikaneder — Emanuel Schikaneder Emanuel Schikaneder Emanuel Schikaneder, de son vrai nom Johann Joseph Schikaneder, est un acteur, chanteur, metteur en scène, poète et directeur de théâtre né à Straubing le 1er septembre 17 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schikanēder — Schikanēder, Emanuel, Opern und Lustspieldichter, geb. 1751 in Regensburg, gest. 21. Sept. 1812 in Wien, gewann in mehreren österreichischen Städten als Komiker den Beifall der Menge, lebte sodann eine Zeitlang als Theaterdirektor in Prag und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schikanēder — Schikanēder, Emanuel, geb. 1751 in Regensburg, wurde Schauspieler u. gewann in mehren österreichischen Städten als Komiker in den Rollen des Thaddädl u. dgl. den Beifall der Menge, erwarb als Theaterdirector zu Prag u. später zu Wien an dem… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Schikaneder — Schikanēder, Emanuel, Theaterunternehmer und Komiker, geb. 9. April 1751 zu Regensburg, gest. 21. Sept. 1812 in Wien, verfaßte Dramen und Operntexte (darunter den zu Mozarts »Zauberflöte«). Werke (1792). – Vgl. Komorzynski (1901) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schikaneder — Schikaneder,   Emanuel, eigentlich Johann Joseph Schickeneder, Bühnendichter und Theaterleiter, * Straubing 1. 9. 1751, ✝ Wien 21. 9. 1812; war Schauspieler, Regisseur, Sänger und Musiker in verschiedenen Städten, lernte 1780 in Salzburg die …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Schikaneder — Den Familiennamen Schikaneder trugen folgende Personen: Emanuel Schikaneder (1751–1812), Schauspieler, Sänger, Regisseur, Dichter, Theaterdirektor und Freimaurer Jakob Schikaneder (1855–1924), böhmischer Maler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emanuel Schikaneder — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Emanuel Schikaneder. Johann Joseph Schickeneder, más conocido como Emanuel Schikaneder (Straubin, 1 de septiembre de 1751 Viena, 21 de septiembre de 1812) fue actor, cantante …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”