town, Maine-et-Loire département, Pays de la Loire région, western France, on the Loire River. It is known for its cavalry school and for its wines.

      The town, dominated by the château of the dukes of Anjou, is located on rising ground between the Loire River and its tributary the Thouet, 2 miles (3 km) above their confluence. It also occupies an island in the Loire and has spread to the right bank of the river. The castle, an imposing 14th-century fortress with four round towers, was strengthened with ramparts in the 16th century. It now houses a museum devoted to horses and riding. Saumur also has a museum of decorative arts. The Saumur Cavalry School, which occupies vast 19th-century quarters in the west of the town, now provides training in the use of mechanized armour but has nevertheless retained the Cadre Noir (Black Training Team), the military horseback-riding instructors who first brought recognition to the school.

      Old churches include the austere Romanesque Notre-Dame-de-Nantilly, with notable 15th–17th-century tapestries. Cellars where Saumur wines are produced may be visited in the surrounding countryside.

      The town grew up around a monastery and fort, built in the 10th century by the counts of Blois. In the 12th century it passed into the possession of the French crown. It became a Huguenot stronghold after the Reformation, and a renowned Protestant academy was established there. In 1685, however, the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, depriving French Protestants of their religious and civil liberties, led to massive emigration and to the closing of the academy. The town was damaged in 1940 during World War II, when the Cavalry School made a heroic three-day stand against superior German forces.

      The town's industries include the processing of the traditional agricultural products of the region (wines, mushrooms, and vegetables), aluminum fabrication, and plastics manufacture. Saumur is also an administrative and service centre. Pop. (1999) 29,857; (2005 est.) 28,700.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Saumur — Saumur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saumur — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • saumur — ● saumur nom masculin Vin blanc récolté dans la région de Saumur (Maine et Loire). saumur [somyʀ] n. m. ÉTYM. 1904; de Saumur, ville du Maine et Loire. ❖ ♦ Vin blanc de la région de Saumur. ➪ tableau Classification des vins …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Saumur —   [so myr], Stadt im Département Maine et Loire, Frankreich, an der unteren Loire, 30 100 Einwohner; Weinbauschule, Kavallerieschule, Museen; Pferdezucht; Zentrum eines Weinbaugebietes mit Wein und Sektkellereien, Likörherstellung; Konserven ,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Saumur — Porté dans la Vienne et les Deux Sèvres, désigne celui qui est originaire de Saumur (49). Variante québecoise : Saumure. Dérivés : Saumureau (49), Saumurot …   Noms de famille

  • Saumur — (spr. Somühr), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Mayenne u. Loire; 32 QM., 94,900 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt des Arrondissements, an der Loire u. an der Eisenbahn von Paris über Orleans u. Tours nach Nantes; 2 Brücken, Felsenschloß (jetzt… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Saumur — (spr. ßomǖr), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Maine et Loire, in imposanter Lage am linken Ufer der Loire, die hier den Thouet aufnimmt, Knotenpunkt der Orléansbahn, der Staatsbahnlinie Paris Bordeaux und der Lokalbahn S. Cholet, hat… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saumur — (spr. ßomühr), Stadt im franz. Dep. Maine et Loire, an der Loire, (1901) 16.233 E., Schloß (11. Jahrh., jetzt Pulvermagazin), Kavallerieschule …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saumur — (Somühr), frz. Stadt im Depart. Maine Loire, an der Loire, mit 12500 E., Leder , Leinwand u. Emailfabriken, röm. u. celtischen Alterthümern. Sieg der Vendéer 9. Juni 1793; Bertons Verschwörung 1822 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Saumur — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saumur (homonymie). 47° 15′ 36″ N 0° 04′ 37″ W …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saumur — For the wine, see Saumur (wine). For the Canadian Supreme Court decision, see Saumur v. The City of Quebec. Saumur The château at Saumur …   Wikipedia

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