Santos-Dumont, Alberto

Santos-Dumont, Alberto

▪ Brazilian aviator
born July 20, 1873, Cabangu, near Palmyra [now Santos-Dumont], Minas Gerais, Braz.
died July 23, 1932, Guarujá, São Paulo
 Brazilian aviation pioneer who captured the imagination of Europe and the United States with his airship flights and made the first significant flight of a powered airplane in Europe with his No. 14-bis (Santos-Dumont No. 14-bis).

 The son of a wealthy coffee planter, Santos-Dumont traveled to France to study engineering, and he soon became fascinated by flight. He commissioned his first balloon, Brazil, in 1898 but quickly turned his attention to powered airships. A total of 11 dirigibles emerged from Santos-Dumont's workshop over the next decade.

 Santos-Dumont achieved one of the highpoints of his career on the afternoon of Oct. 19, 1901, when he won the 100,000-franc Deutsch Prize for an 11.3-km (7-mile) flight with his airship No. 6 from the Paris suburb of St. Cloud to the Eiffel Tower and back in less than half an hour. The victorious aeronaut cemented his position as one of the leading celebrities of the city when he presented one-quarter of the purse to his crew and the rest to the poor people of Paris.

      By 1905 Santos-Dumont had become convinced that flying airships could be compared to “pushing a candle through a brick wall.” Inspired by stories of what the Wright brothers (Wright, Wilbur and Orville) had accomplished in the United States, Santos-Dumont designed and flew a series of heavier-than-air flying machines. His major accomplishments include making the first public flight in Europe with a powered, winged aircraft on Sept. 13, 1906; winning the Archdeacon Cup on October 23 for a flight of 60 metres (about 200 feet); and winning an Aero Club of France Prize of 1,500 francs for the first flight of 100 metres (about 330 feet) on November 12. Santos-Dumont remained active in aeronautical circles prior to World War I, developing the Demoiselle, a high-wing monoplane, in 1909. He returned to Brazil a national hero in 1928. He took his own life four years later, apparently depressed by the outbreak of a local war in which the airplane was employed as a weapon.

Tom D. Crouch
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Santos Dumont, Alberto — ► (1873 1932) Aeronauta brasileño. Se distinguió por sus ascensiones en globo y por sus vuelos en un aeroplano que él mismo construyó …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Santos Dumont — Santos Dumont, Alberto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alberto Santos-Dumont — (*  20. Juli 1873 auf der Fazenda Cabangu bei Palmira im brasilianischen Bundesstaat Minas Gerais; †  23. Juli 1932 in Guarujá/Bundesstaat São Paulo) war ein brasilianischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Santos-Dumont — Alberto Santos Dumont Alberto Santos Dumont (*  20. Juli 1873 auf der Fazenda Cabangu bei Palmira im brasilianischen Bundesstaat Minas Gerais; †  23. Juli 1932 in Guarujá/Bundesstaat São Paulo) war ein brasilianischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alberto Santos Dumont — (* 20. Juli 1873 auf der Fazenda Cabangu bei Palmira im brasilianischen Bundesstaat Minas Gerais; †  23. Juli 1932 in Guarujá/Bundesstaat São Paulo) war ein brasilianischer Luftschiffer, Motorflugpionier und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Santos Dumont Demoiselle — Die Santos Dumont Demoiselle (Nos. 19 22) war die letzte Entwicklung des brasilianischen Luftfahrtpioniers Alberto Santos Dumont. Sie war das erste in Kleinserie produzierte Sportflugzeug der Welt. Das Leichtflugzeug Nr. 19 war 7,90 Meter lang… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Santos-Dumont — Alberto Santos Dumont Pour les articles homonymes, voir Santos Dumont. Alberto Santos Dumont Alberto Santos Dumont (20 juillet 1873 à Palmira, aujourd’hui Santos Dumont …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SANTOS-DUMONT (A.) — SANTOS DUMONT ALBERTO (1873 1932) Aéronaute et aviateur brésilien né à Palmyra (aujourd’hui Santos Dumont) et mort à São Paulo. Sans apporter de solution positive aux premières expériences aéronautiques, Alberto Santos Dumont suscite à leur égard …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Santos-Dumont — (Alberto) (1873 1932) aéronaute brésilien qui vécut surtout en France. Il construisit des dirigeables et un des premiers avions, la Demoiselle, qu il fit décoller le 23 oct. 1906 à Bagatelle (bois de Boulogne, à Paris) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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