Salinger, J D

Salinger, J D

▪ American author
born Jan. 1, 1919, New York City

      U.S. writer whose novel The Catcher in the Rye (1951) won critical acclaim and devoted admirers, especially among the post-World War II generation of college students. His entire corpus of published works consists of that one novel and 13 short stories, all originally written in the period 1948–59.

      Salinger was the son of a Jewish father and a Christian mother, and, like Holden Caulfield, the hero of The Catcher in the Rye, he grew up in New York City, attending public schools and a military academy. After brief periods at New York and Columbia universities, he devoted himself entirely to writing, and his stories began to appear in periodicals in 1940. After his return from service in the U.S. Army (1942–46), Salinger's name and writing style became increasingly associated with The New Yorker (New Yorker, The) magazine, which published almost all of his later stories. Some of the best of these made use of his wartime experiences: “For Esmé—With Love and Squalor” (1950) describes a U.S. soldier's poignant encounter with two British children; “A Perfect Day for Bananafish” (1948) concerns the suicide of the sensitive, despairing veteran Seymour Glass.

      Major critical and popular recognition came with the publication of The Catcher in the Rye, whose central character, a sensitive, rebellious adolescent, relates in authentic teenage idiom his flight from the “phony” adult world, his search for innocence and truth, and his final collapse on a psychiatrist's couch. The humour and colourful language of The Catcher in the Rye place it in the tradition of Mark Twain's Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and the stories of Ring Lardner, but its hero, like most of Salinger's child characters, views his life with an added dimension of precocious self-consciousness. Nine Stories (1953), a selection of Salinger's best work, added to his reputation.

      The reclusive habits of Salinger in his later years made his personal life a matter of speculation among devotees, while his small literary output was a subject of controversy among critics. Franny and Zooey (1961) brought together two earlier New Yorker stories; both deal with the Glass family, as do the two stories in Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters; and Seymour: An Introduction (1963).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Salinger — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfred Salinger (1872–1935), deutscher Architekt Hermann Salinger (1911–1970), deutscher Politiker und Oberbürgermeister von Stralsund Hugo Salinger (1866–1942), deutsch jüdischer Reichsgerichtsrat Jerome… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SALINGER (J. D.) — SALINGER JEROME DAVID (1919 ) Idole d’une génération de lecteurs américains, les adolescents de la classe moyenne dans les années 1950, J. D. Salinger représente à la fois un phénomène littéraire et socioculturel. En tête des personnages que son… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Salinger — Salinger, Jerome David …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Salinger —   [ sælɪndʒə], J. D. (Jerome David), amerikanischer Schriftsteller, * New York 1. 1. 1919; Soldat im Zweiten Weltkrieg; lebt zurückgezogen in Neuengland. Ab den frühen 40er Jahren veröffentlichte er Erzählungen, so den Zyklus um die Familie Glass …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Salinger — (izg. sèlindžer), Jerome David (1919) DEFINICIJA američki književnik, autor čiji je Holden Caulfield, glavni lik iz romana Lovac u žitu postao idolom generacijama mladih iz 1950 ih diljem svijeta …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Salinger — [sal′in jər] J(erome) D(avid) 1919 ; U.S. novelist & short story writer …   English World dictionary

  • Salinger — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Salinger ou Sallinger peut désigner : Patronyme Pierre Salinger (1925 2004), journaliste américain ; J. D. Salinger (1919 2010), écrivain… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Salinger — noun United States writer (born 1919) • Syn: ↑J. D. Salinger, ↑Jerome David Salinger • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author …   Useful english dictionary

  • Salinger — biographical name J(erome) D(avid) 1919 American novelist …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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